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disease detectives 2

disease detectives...science olympiad

outbreak (localized epidemic) more cases of a particular disease than expected in a given area of among a specialized group of peopleover a particular period of time.
vector an animate intermediary in the indirect transmission of an agent that carries the agent from reservoir to a susceptible host.
attack rate the rate that a group experienced an outcome or illness = number sick/total in the group (look for high attack rate in exposed and low rate in unexposed)
epidemic large numbers of people over a wide geographic area are affected
cluster an aggregation of cases over a wide geographic area are affected
pandemic and epidemic occuring over a very wide are (several countries or continents) and usually affecting a large proportion of the population
zoonosis an infectious disease that is transmissable from animals to humans
public health surveillance the systematic collection, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of health data to gain knowledge of the pattern of disease occurrence in oreder to control and prevent disease in the community
control group a selected group that has similar characteristics to the sick group but is not ill
risk probability that an individual will be affected
fomite a physical object that serves to transmit and infectious agent from person to person
Created by: Alayna-Nichole