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Fall Business Law

Business Law Vocabulary

Involves the values that govern a group's ideas about right and wrong Morality
The rules used to determine the difference between right and wrong Ethics
Examining whether the action will cause the greatest good for the most people The Greatest Good Rule
"Do unto others as you would have them do unto you" The Golden Rule
Putting yourself in another person's position. Empathy
Treating people fairly and equally Justice
What are the four Ethical Character Traits Honesty, Justice, COmpassion, Integrity
A system of rules of conduct established by a country's government to Law
What are the five main sources of the law Constitutional Law, Common Law, Statue Law, Civil Law, and Administrative Law
A country's formal document that spells out the principles by which its government operates. Constitution
A set of laws made by the courts which provide a series of consistent rules that later courst must follow. Common Law
A law passed by a government body that has been made for the purpose of creating laws. Statute
The body of rules created by government agencies Administrative Law.
A court's power to hear a case and to make a judgment Jurisdiction
A court that hears appeals and reviews cases from the lower courts. Appellate Court
Any act against the public good and/or society punishable by fine, imprisonment or both Crime
Party that accuses a person of a crime Plaintiff
Government official who brings the case Prosecutor
Person being accused of the crime(alleged criminal) Defendant
A major crime punishable by fine, imprisonment or death Felony
A less serious crime punishable by fine or imprisonment(county or city jail) Misdemeanor
A minor offense that is usually punishable with a fine (no jail) Infractions
What are the elements of a crime? Criminal Act and the State of mind
Is Motive an element of a crime? Motive is not an element but is used to help prove someone guilty in court.
The killing of a human being Homicide
Unlawful killing of another human being with malice. Murder
Killing of another human being without malice Manslaughter
Unlawful touching of another person with reckless behavior or criminal intent Battery
Attempt to commit a threat Assualt
What are the two types of Assualt Simmple Assault and Aggravated Assault
Unlawful removal or restraint of a person Kidnapping
Breaking and entering with the intent to commit a felony or misdemeanor Burglary
Unlawful taking of someone's personal property with the intent to keep the property away from that person. Larceny
Concealment of an item offered for sale is intent to steal Prima Facie Evidence
Wrongful taking away of personal property of another accompanied by violence or threats Robbery
The willfufl and maliciousburning of a dwelling/building Arson
WIllful or malicious damage to property Vandalism
Wrongful taking away of another;s property by a person who has been entrusted with that property Embezzlement
Taking of someone's money or property by intentionally deceiving that person. Fraud
False making or changing of a writing with the intent to defraud(legal effect) Forgery
Criminals hide large amounts of money by putting the money into a legal business Money Laundering
Waging war against the U.S. or giving aid and comfort to the enemies of the U.S. Treason
Lie under oath Prejury
Hinder the ability of the court to move forwaard in the judicial process Obstruction of Justice
Ignor a court order or show a lack of proper respect for the integrity of the court. Contempt
To pay or give anything of value to public officials in order to influence their official activity. Bribery
Unjust taking of money or a thing of value by a public official Extortion
An activity that threatens to disrupt the social order, to imperil public safety or to jeopardize the health of the public at large. Disorderly Conduct
An activity that gererally requires agathering of at least 3 individuals who threaten to harm people or to damage property, or commmit these offenses. Rioting
Person lacks capacity to know what he/shedid was wrong and the act was against the law M'Naghten Rule - Irresistible Impulse Test - ALI test.
Created by: Mrs. Cunningham