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Oceans (Mayfield)

What happens to sound pulses from a ship after they hit the ocean floor? the pulses bounce back to the ship
What does the deep ocean basin consist of? the abyssal plain, mid-ocean ridges, ocean trenches, rift valleys and soamounts
How do the ocean's surface temperatures vary? with time of year and latitude
Why do engineers drill in the ocean floor? for oil and natural gas
What are the most abundant elements in ocean water? sodium and chlorine
What is salinity? the measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount of liquid
Where do benthos live? on or in the ocean floor
What resources cannot be harvested from the ocean? sludge
What is wave energy? a clean, renewable resource
Where is a nekton found? swimming actively in the open ocean
What are autotrophs? organisms that make their own food
What is an example of plankton? plankton
What is an example of benthos? crabs
What is an example of nekton? whale
What ocean has the most ice? Artic Ocean
What ocean is half the size of the Pacific Ocean? Atlantic Ocean
Where are hydrothermal vents located? in the benthic zone
What type of energy is wave energy? clean energy
What is an example of a non-living resource? minerals
What do carnivores eat? meat
What do herbivores eat? plants
What do omnivores eat? plants and meat
Are zooplankton animal-like or plant-like? animal-like
Are phytoplankton animal-like or plant-like? plant-like
What zone are coral reefs located in? neritic zone
What are the ocean basins in order from largest to smallest? Pacific, Atlantic, Indian and Artic
What are the ocean basins in order from smallest to largest? Artic, Indian, Atlantic and Pacific
What are the 3 groups of marine life? plankton, nekton and benthos
What is upwelling? winds blow parallel to the shore, warm water is pushed out to sea and cold nutrient rich water flows toward the ocean surface
What are 2 living resources humans get from the ocean? fish and seaweed
What are 2 non-living resources humans get from the ocean? minerals and oil/gas
What are the 3 main dissolved gases in ocean water? carbon dioxide, nitrogen and oxygen
What makes the intertidal zone unique? it is exposed to both air and water
Created by: ndmsteach