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ADN 2 CH 19

ADN 2 CH 19 (GLOSSARY)

QuestionAnswer
anesthesia: a state of narcosis, analgesia, relaxation, and loss of reflexes
anesthesiologist: physician trained to deliver anesthesia and to monitor the patient’s condition during surgery
anesthetic agent: the substance, such as a chemical or gas, used to induce anesthesia
anesthetist: health care professional, such as a nurse anesthetist, who is trained to deliver anesthesia and to monitor the patient’s condition during surgery
circulating nurse (or circulator): registered nurse who coordinates and documents patient care in the operating room
epidural anesthesia: state of narcosis, analgesia, relaxation, and loss of reflexes achieved by injecting an anesthetic agent into the epidural space of the spinal cord
general anesthesia: state of narcosis, analgesia, relaxation, and loss of reflexes produced by pharmacologic agents
local anesthesia: injection of a solution containing the anesthetic agent into the tissues at the planned incision site
malignant hyperthermia: (often inherited as N autosomal dominant disorder) (eventually leading to circulatory collapse and death if untreated.) rare life-threatening condition triggered by exposure 2 most anesthetic agents inducing a drastic N uncontrolled increase in skeletal muscle oxidative metabolism. can overwhelm body’s capacity 2 supply O2 remove CO2, N regulate body temp.
moderate sedation: previously referred to as conscious sedation, involves use of sedation to depress the level of consciousness without altering the patient’s ability to maintain a patent airway and to respond to physical stimuli and verbal commands
monitored anesthesia care: moderate sedation administered by an anesthesiologist or anesthetist
regional anesthesia: an anesthetic agent is injected around nerves so that the area supplied by these nerves is anesthetized
restricted zone: area in the operating room where scrub attire and surgical masks are required; includes operating room and sterile core areas
scrub role: gistered nurse, licensed practical nurse, or surgical technologist who scrubs and dons sterile surgical attire, prepares instruments and supplies, and hands instruments to the surgeon during the procedure
semirestricted zone: area in the operating room where scrub attire is required; may include areas where surgical instruments are processed
spinal anesthesia: achieved when a local anesthetic agent is introduced into the subarachnoid space of the spinal cord
surgical asepsis: absence of microorganisms in the surgical environment to reduce the risk for infection
unrestricted zone: area in the operating room that interfaces with other departments; includes patient reception area and holding area
Created by: xsavier1