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AS BIO Carbohydrates

Elements found in carbohydrates C, H, O
Ratio of Hydrogen to oxygen in carbohydrates 2 : 1
Monomers of carbohydrates monosaccharides
Many monomers make a .... polymer
Two monosaccharides join to form a... disaccharide
three or more monosaccharides join to form a .. polysaccharide
the bond between two carbohydrate monomers is a Glycosidic bond
three monosaccharides glucose, fructose, galactose
The monomers of sucrose are glucose and fructose
The monomers of maltose are 2 glucose molecules
the monomers of lactose are glucose + galactose
The reaction that joins together two monosaccharides is condensation
the reaction that separates carbohydrate monomers is hydrolysis
the type of glycosidic bonding that causes straight chains is 1, 4 bonding
the bonding that causes side branches is.... 1, 6 carbon bonding.
starch is made of two types of molecule: Amylose and amylopectin
WHich has side branches, amylose or amylopectin? amylopectin
Where does glycogen occur? In animal muscles and liver, also bacteria and fungi
Name three polysaccharides Glycogen, chitin, starch, cellulose
Where is cellulose found? In plant cell walls
Which of the carbohydrates are insoluble in water? Polysaccharides
Which of the carbohydrates have an osmotic effect>? Monosaccharides and disaccharides
What is dietary fibre? Cellulose! We cannot digest it.
Created by: carolannaston