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civics ch6. voc

Bicameral a legislature consisting of two parts or houses
census a population count taken by the census bureau
constituent a person from a legislator's district
gerrymander an oddly shaped election district designed to increase the voting strength of a particular group
majority party a statement that presents the views of the majority of supreme court justices regarding a case
minority party in both the house of rep and the senate the political party to which fewer than half the members belong
standing committee permanent committee that countries work from session to session in its congress
seniority years of service which is used as a consideration for assigning committee members
expressed powers powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitution
implied powers powers that congress has that are not explicitly in the constitution
Elastic clause clause in article 1 section 8 of the constitution that gives congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out its expressed powers
impeach to accuse government officials of misconduct in office
writ of habeas corpus a court order that requires police to bring a prisionor to court to explain why they are holding the person
bill of attainder a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial of four hearing in court
ex post facto law a law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed
franking privilege the right of senators and rep. to send job-related mail without paying postage
lobbyist rep of an interest group who contacts lawmakers or other government officials directly to influence their policy making
case work the work that a lawmaker does to help constituents with a problem
pork-barrel projects government project grant that primarily benefits the home district or state
joint resolution a resolution that is passed by both houses of congress
special interest group an organization of people with some common interest who try to influence government decisions
filibuster a tatic for defending a bill in the senate by talking until the bills sponsor withdraws it
cloture a procedure used in the senate to limit debate on a bill
voice vote a voting method in which those in favor say "yea" and those against say "no"
standing vote in congress when members stand to be counted for a vote on a bill
roll call vote a voting method in which members voice their votes in turn
veto refusal to sign a bill or resolution
pocket veto presidents power to kill a bill if congress is not session by not signing if for 10 days
Created by: jocelynmoses