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Unit 2 Test StudyStk

Unit 2: Physical Geography

What do climate and weather have in common? Both describe temperatures and precipitation
How are climate and weather different? Weather describes daily changes in temps and precipitation, while climate describes the yearly average in temps and precipitation
What is the climate like in the low latitude region, and why? Hot all year, because this region receives direct sunlight
What is the climate like in the mid-latitude region, and why? Different seasons, because this region receives different amounts of sunlight throughout the year
What is the climate like in the high latitude region, and why? Cold all year, because this region receives indirect sunlight
What is elevation? Height above sea level
How does elevation affect climate? The higher you go, the colder it gets
If City A is at 23ºN, and City B is at 65ºN, which one will be colder, and why? City B, because it is farther from the equator and gets less direct sunlight
If City A and City B are both at 45ºS, but City A is in the mountains, which city will be colder, and why? City A, because climate gets colder as elevation increases
What is an archipelago? A group of islands
What is a strait? A narrow passage of water that connects two larger bodies of water
What is an isthmus? A narrow strip of land that connects two larger landmasses
What is a peninsula? A piece of land with water on three sides; it juts out into a body of water
What is a plateau? An area of land that is high like a mountain, but flat on top like a plain
What is a plain? A large area of flat land
What is a delta? Collections of silt/soil at the mouth of a river
What is a bay? A body of salt water extending into land; just like a gulf, but smaller
What is a lake? A body of water completely surrounded by land
Name the four layers of the earth, starting on the inside. Inner core, Outer core, Mantle, Crust
What is the difference between the Earth's rotation and revolution? Rotation is one spin on Earth's axis and takes 24 hours; Revolution is one complete orbit around the sun and takes 365 days
How does the Earth's tilt cause places in the mid-latitudes to have different seasons? At different times during the year, places are tilted toward or away from the sun. If the northern hemisphere is tilted toward the sun, it is summer there. It's winter when this hemisphere is tilted away from the sun.
What are tectonic plates? Sixteen giant pieces of the Earth's crust
What is a fault? An area where two tectonic plates meet
What is an earthquake? The shaking of the Earth's crust, caused by the movements of tectonic plates
What are some positive effects of volcanoes? Fertile land and geothermal energy
What is the difference between weathering and erosion? Weathering is when rocks are broken down into smaller pieces, while erosion is when these broken pieces of rock get moved/blown around.
Name positives and negatives of agriculture. Pos: food for people, larger population Neg: pollution, deforestation
Name positives and negatives of urbanization. Pos: people can interact, cities are convenient Neg: pollution, overcrowding
Name positives and negatives of dam building. Pos: prevents floods, stores water, hydropower Neg: reservoir floods an area, fish can't migrate
Name positives and negatives of deforestation. Pos: makes an open area to farm/build, gives us material to build with Neg: less oxygen in atmosphere, animals lose habitats, soil erosion
Name positives and negatives of desertification. Pos: ??? Neg: no plants can grow, animals and people are forced to move
Name positives and negatives of mining. Pos: provides energy resource, provides building materials Neg: deforestation, pollution from chemicals, sinkholes
What causes desertification? Farmers sometimes overuse the soil and do not let nutrients replenish; Animals sometimes overgraze fields and do not give grasses a chance to recover.
Why would rivers and plains be good landforms to live near? Rivers provide water for drinking, irrigation, bathing, fishing, travel; Plain provide flat land for farming, animal grazing, building, and travel.
Created by: lisalunn



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