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Pathophys U2 ch 9

Pathophysiology Unit 2, Ch. 9

Abortion loss of embryo or fetus
Amniocentesis removal of a small amount of amniotic fluid from around the fetus for examination and diagnosis
Amnion inner membrane surrounding embryo
Amniotic fluid fluid surrounding fetus in the uterus
Auscultation listening for sounds, perhaps with stethoscope, within the body (lungs, heart, intestines)
Bilirubin product from the breakdown of hemoglobin, excreted in bile
Caries dental destruction of the tooth surface; a cavity or erosion in the enamel surface of a tooth
Cervical os passage between the uterus and the cervix
Chorionic villi part of the placenta that can be tested for genetic defects in the fetus
Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) tests part of the placenta for genetic defects in a fetus
Differentiation increased specialized of cells for certain functions
Embolus mass i.e. blood clot, air, fat, tumor cells, that breaks away into circulation and obstructs a blood vessel
Embryo early stage of an organism’s life; in humans, developmental stage between implantation in the uterus and 8 weeks
Fetus human child in utero between 8 weeks and birth
Gestation time between conception and birth
Gestational age two weeks longer than the actual age fo the child from the time of fertilization
Gingivitis inflammation of the gums in the mouth
Gravidity refers to the number of pregnancies
Hemolysis destruction of erythrocytes with release of hemoglobin
Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) hormone secreted by chorionic villi after implantation of fertilized ovum ; detection by office or home test for pregnancy
Hypertension persistent elevation of blood pressure
Hypotension low blood pressure and decreased tissue perfusion
Immunoglobulin protein with antibody activity
Inner cell mass mass of cells inside the primordial embryo that will eventually give rise to the definitive structures of the fetus
Jaundice yellow color of the sclera of the eye and skin due to excessive bilirubin in the body fluids for any reason
Lactation production of milk
Lordosis increased lumbar curvature
Organogenesis formation and differentiation of organs and systems during embryonic development
Ovum female haploid reproductive cell/gamete
Parity number of pregnancies in which the fetus has reached viability (about 22 weeks of gestation)
Peritonitis infection of the peritoneal cavity
Placenta embryonic membrane; connects developing fetus to uterine wall, allows nutrient uptake, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother’s blood
Sperm male haploid reproductive cell/gamete
Supine lying down on back
Teratogen substance/condition that impairs normal development of the embryo or fetus in utero, causing a congenital abnormality
Thrombus blood clot attached inside a blood vessel
Trimesters pregnancy periods; three months each
Trophoblast outer cell mass form around embryo
Viable ability to sustain life
Zygote cell produced by the union of two gametes
Rh incompatibility Rh negative mother exposed to Rh positive blood via transfusion/pregnancy with Rh positive fetus; mother has immune response resulting in possible hemolytic disease in subsequent Rh-positive pregnancies
RhoGAM Rh immunoglobin containing anti-Rh antibodies; confers temporary passive immunity when given to Rh negative woman who has not been previously sensitized.
Created by: michellerogers