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VNSG 1400 DM meds

Diabetes Medication Test

Rapid acting insulins Humalog and Novolog
Short Acting/ Regular insulins Humulin R, Novolin R, and Iletin II R
Intermediate acting insulins NPH (Humulin N, Novolin N) and Lente
Long acting insulins Ultralente (Humulin U) and Insulin Glargine (Lantus)
the only insulin that can be given IV Regular clear insulin
cloudy insulin is mixed with what to delay absorption Zinc
promote insulin secretion by the pancreas Sulfonylureas
delay digestion of complex carbohydrates thus slowing down the increase in blood glucose acarbose(Precose) and miglitol (Glyset)
decrease glucose production by the liver and increase glucose uptake by the muscle Biguanides
make cells more receptive to insulin Thiazolidinesdiones
Humalog onset peak and duration 5-15 mins, 1-2 hours, and 3-4 hours
Novolog onset peak and duration 15 minutes, 1 hour, and 3-4 hours
Humulin R, Novolin R, and Ilentin II R onset peak and duration 30 min-1 hour, 1-3 hours, and 6-8 hours
NPH (Humulin N, Novolin N) onset peak and duration 1-1.5 hours, 4-12 hours, and 24 hours
Lente onset peak and duration 1-2.5 hours, 7-15 hours, and 24 hours
Ultralente(Humulin U) onset peak and duration 4-8 hours, 8-10 hours, and 18-30 hours
Insulin Glargine (Lantus) onset peak and duration 2-4 hours, No peak, and >24 hours
Mixtures Humulin 50/50 onset peak and duration 15 mins, 2-4 hours, and 20-22 hours
Mixtures Humulin 70/30 onset peak and duration 30 mins, 7-12 hours, and 16-24 hours
Mixtures Novolin 70/30 onset peak and duration 30 mins, 3-8 hours, and 10-16 hours
Mixtures Humalog 75/25 onset peak and duration 15 mins, 2 hours, and 20-22 hours
stimulates insulin release glimerpiride (Amaryl)
improves use of insulin in type 2 diabeties metformin (Glucophage)
increases effects of circulating insulin rosiglitazone (Avandia) and pioglitazone (Actos)
stimulates insulin release repaglinide (Prandin)
increases effects of incretin sitagliptin (Januvia)
Mimics incretin exenatide (Byetta)
mimics amylin pramlintide (Symlin)
Created by: nursekk