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VNSG 1227 Exam 2

Ch 34

complete drug orders must include patient name, name of drug dosage and route, time date and signature of physician
inhibit clotting of blood Anticoagulants
increase blood flow to the heart Antianginals
regulate heart rate Antidyrhythmics
Antihypertensives control blood pressure
strength the action of the heart Cardiotonics
increase urine output Diuretics
reduce congestion and allergic reactions Antihistamines
control muscle spasms Muscle relaxants
relieve pain Analgesics
relieve moderate to severe pain Narcotics (Opioids)
prevent feeling of pain with or without the loss of conciousness Anesthetics
control seizures Antiepileptics
relieve cough Antitussives
relieve airway passage obstruction Bronchodilators
regulate body growth, function, and metabolism Adrenal hormones
reduces blood sugar pancreatic hormones
reduce blood sugar hypoglycemics
neutralize stomach acids antacids
decrease gastric acid secretion antisecretories
inhibit growth of or kill microorganisms antibiotics
inhibit growth of organisms on living tissue antispetics
inhibit or kill organism on inanimate surfaces disinfectants
dosages may be order in the metric system
solid or liquid medications or via feeding tube PO meds
sublingual meds, enteric-coated meds, and sustained release meds should never be crushed
topical medications are applied in the form of drops, ointments, rectal suppositories, transdermal, inhalants
may be administered through a nebulizer, spray, or atomizer to penetrate lungs inhalant medications
vaginal medications are used to cleanse vagina, reduce bacterial growth, remove odors or discharge, and absorb medication into local mucousa
pt should be on left side for better absorption when giving what kind of meds Rectal medications
prevent vomiting, soothe hemorrhoids, prevent bladder spasms, promote bowel evacuation, and reduce fever Rectal suppositories
supplied as patch or paste, should be applied to clean hairless place Transdermal medications
subcutaneous, IM, IV, percutaneous, and intrandermal routes used for injecting medications into body tissues
typical transdermal medications Nitroglycerin, scopolamine, estrogen, and fentanyl
indicate that the order has top priority stat orders
used to record a patients medications MAR
provides premeasured, prepackaged, and prelabeled dose Unit dose system
Created by: nursekk