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blood transfusions

This is complications from blood transfusions

This is an adverse reaction to a blood transfusion that may cause hives and itching Allergic Reaction
This is the treatment to an allergic reaction from blood transfusion Antihistamines
This is also referred to as a febrile reaction to a blood transfusion Fever
Acute immune hemolytic reaction serious rxn body attacks the transfused RBCs b/c the donor blood type is not a good match. The transfused RBCs release a substance harmful to kidneys.occurs during or right after a transfusion. S&Sfever, nausea, chills, back/chest pain, & dark urine.
Name 3 blood borne infections that are potential complications of a blood transfusion HIV Human T-lymphotropic virus Hepatitis B Hepatitis C West Nile virus Sepsis
a delayed transfusion complication that occurs in clients who receive multiple blood transfusions such as clients with anemia or throbocytopenia Iron Overload
administered intravenously or subQ removes accumulated iron via the kidneys, urine turns red as iron is excreted after the administration of deferoxamine, treatment is discontinued when serum levels return to normal deferoxamine
When white blood cells in the donor blood attack the cells in your body. often fatal. more likely to affect people with severely weakened immune systems. Graft-versus-host disease
Signs of immediate transfusion reaction chills and diaphoresis, muscle aches, back pain, or chest pain, rashes, hives, itching, and swelling, rapid, thready pulse, dyspnea, cough, or wheezing, pallor, cyanosis, apprehension, tingling, and numbness, headache, N/V/D abdominal cramping
reactions oocur days to years after transfusion, signs include fever, mild jaundice, and decreased hematocrit level. Delayed transfusion reaction
What is your first intervention if there is an adverse reaction STOP THE TRANSFUSION!!!
caused by the infusion of blood at a rate too rapid for the client to tolerate Circulatory overload
Occurs with the transfusion of blood that is contaminated with microorganisms presents with symptoms rapid onset of chills and high fever, vomiting, Diarrhea, hypotension, shock Septicemia
hyperactive reflexes, paresthesias, tetany, muscle cramps, positive trousseaus sign, positive chvosteks’s sign are all indicitive of this fluid electrolyte imbalance and possible transfusion complication Hypocalcemia
signs and symptoms of hyperkalemia paresthesias, weakness, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, and dysrhythmias
The older the blood, the greater the risk this electrolyte imbalance, therefore those with renal insufficiency or renal failure should receive fresh blood. Assess the date on the blood before transfusion to prevent this potential imbalance. Hyperkalemia
Created by: transfusions