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VNSG 1231 Exam 4

Chapter 12-15

QuestionAnswer
drugs that help rid of excess water and sodium by increasing a persons urine output Diurectics
about 100/mL (3 to 4oz) of water enters the nephron tubules each mintue in healthy kidneys
to clean the blood properly, a person needs to take in enough fluid to ensure the he or she urinate how much a day? at least 400mL a day
blood pressure, electrolyte levels, ask pt about their normal urine output levels things to check before giving diuretics
what can giving a patient diuretics you have a blockage cause backflow of urine into the kidney and damage it
when should you give the patient the dose of diuretics in the morning to avoid loss of sleep because of the patients need to urinate
what are the most important electrolytes to monitor when a patient is on diuretics Potassium and Sodium
the most common used diuretic Natriuetic diuretics
Thiazide, Loop, and Potassium-sparing are what type of diuretics Natriuretic diuretics
this type of diuretic increases blood flow to the kidneys osmotic diuretic
mannitol (Osmitrol) is what type of diuretic Osmotic diuretic
dry mouth, increased thirst, irregular heartbeat, mood changes, muscle cramps, N&V, weakness, and weak pulse A decreased potassium level may result in
black tarry stools, blood in urine, cough, fever or chills, joint pain Rare side effects of taking Thiazide Diuretics
slow down or turn off sodium pumps Natruretics
increase blood flow to kidneys Osmotic diuretics
the most powerful diuretic Loop diuretic
an additional side effect of taking furosemide(Lasix) Photosensitivity
additional side effects of taking ethacrynic acid (Edecrin) confusion, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and nervousness
additional side effects of taking bumetanide(Bumex) blurred vision, chest pain and premature ejaculation
often the first drugs prescribed to treat heart failure Ace inhibitors
Created by: nursekk