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vocab & definintions for BGC and ecosystems

ORGANIC anything relating to a living organism that contains Carbon
LIMESTONE sedimentary rock made from minerals that contain Carbon
EROSION occurs when flowing wind or water degrade soil or rock
RESPIRATION release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere by living organisms
PHOTOSYNTHESIS plants convert carbon dioxide from the atmosphere into food using light energy
COMBUSTION organic material is burned and carbon dioxide/carbon monoxide is released
FOSSIL FUELS organic materials that release carbon dioxide when burned
DECOMPOSITION process of 'rotting' where tissue is broken down, but minerals remain
GREENHOUSE GASES waste materials in the atmosphere that absorb radiation from the sun
ASSIMILATION conversion of absorbed nutrients into the cells of an organism
NITROGEN FIXATION process of combining nitrogen gas with hydrogen to form ammonia
AMMONIFICATION bacterial formation of ammonia through decomposition of organic matter
DENITRIFICATION process of releasing nitrogen from the soil through the action of bacteria
URIC ACID / UREA nitrogen-containing waste found in urine of most animals
AMMONIA compound of nitrogen and hydrogen made by bacteria from decomposing organic matter
NITRATES derivatives of nitric acid containing Nitrogen and Oxygen (NO3)
DECOMPOSITION process of 'rotting' where tissue is broken down, but minerals remain
BACTERIA prokaryotic, unicellular organisms involved in nitrogen fixation
GROUND WATER water that has soaked through the surface into the soil - springs or wells
RUNOFF rainfall that doesn't soak into, but flows off the ground's surface
EVAPORATION water changing from a liquid state into a vapor or gas
CONDENSATION the physical change of water from its gaseous form to a liquid or solid
TRANSPIRATION water directly transferred from plants to atmosphere through tiny pores in leaves
PRECIPITATION condensed water falling from atmosphere to the surface of earth
PERCOLATION seeping of groundwater through holes in soil or permeable rock
SURFACE WATER water collecting on top of the ground in streams, rivers, lakes, oceans
AQUIFERS underground bodies of water found in permeable rock
DECOMPOSERS breaking down dead or decaying organisms
DETRITIVORES organism that feeds on organic waste
ECOSYSTEM interaction of community with the habitat
HABITAT the natural environment of an organism
HERBIVORES animals that eat only plants
OMNIVORES organisms that feed on both plants and animals
POPULATION the number of a particular species in an area
PRODUCERS plants or any organisms that make their own food
SPECIES group of individuals with common charateristics
BIOSPHERE part of the earth and atomosphere that supports life
NICHE an organism's role or job within a habitat
CARNIVORES organisms that only eat other consumers
COMMUNITY all the organisms that live in a specific area
CONSUMERS organisms that cannot make their own food
CONSUMERS living things that depend on other organisms for food
POPULATION number or amount of an organism in an ecosystem
PRODUCERS plants and other organisms that give energy to consumers
SPECIES group of organisms that can produce fertile offspring
HABITAT a living thing's natural environment
HERBIVORES animals that feed only on plant life
BIOSPHERE anywhere life can be found on earth
NICHE main job of a species in an ecosystem
CARNIVORES flesh eating organisms
COMMUNITY all the different species living together in a habitat
DECOMPOSERS eats or feeds on dead animals
DETRITIVORES living things that feed on non-living organic material
ECOSYSTEM combination of various habitats
ECOSYSTEM a combination of living things plus their non-living surroundings
ENERGY ability to do work/cause change; travels one way in food chains / food webs
COMMUNITY all the living organisms that interact in a localized area
ABIOTIC another term for non-living things...
DECOMPOSITION breaking down dead organism to release CO2 into the atmosphere
DECOMPOSERS breaks down dead/decaying organisms from all trophic levels
RUNOFF describes water that flows on the surface toward lakes, rivers, and oceans
FOOD WEB diagram representing feeding interactions between trophic levels in a community
DETRITIVORES eat dead animals it finds in its environment
OMNIVORES eat from all other trophic levels
RESPIRATION exchange of gases which releases CO2 into the atmosphere
MATTER has mass and takes up space; can be cycled in communities
BIOTIC living things are said to be this…
CONSUMERS must get their energy from other organisms
CONDENSATION occurs when water forms into tiny droplets from its gaseous state
PRODUCERS organisms able to bring energy into communities
CARNIVORES organisms that eat only animals
TROPHIC LEVEL part of a food chain that identifies where an organism gets its energy
ECOLOGY study of organisms interacting with each other/environment
HABITAT the location in which a specific organism lives is called its...
PERCOLATION this occurs when water seeps through the soil into aquifers
HERBIVORES type of organisms that eat only plants
PHOTOSYNTHESIS use of sunlight to produce sugars from CO2 in the atmosphere
EVAPORATION water entering the atmosphere as a gas
SURFACE WATER water that collects in streams/ponds at the earth’s surface
PRECIPITATION what it's called when water returns to earth, such as hail or sleet
COMBUSTION when materials (like fossil fuels) burn and release CO2 into the atmosphere
Created by: nstevens