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Science unit 1 test

gr 7 Life, Classification, and 6 Kingdoms (Leboeuf/Shaughnessy)

autotroph an organism that can produce its own food, such as grass and plants
unicellular an organism that has only one cell, such as a bacterium
water a need that ALL organisms have
organism a living thing
taxonomy the scientific study of how living things are classified
Why are living things organized into groups? Living things are easier to study when they are organized.
binomial nomenclature first word is the genus and is written using an uppercase letter; second word is the species and is written using a lowercase letter
Latin the language a scientific name is written
kingdom the highest level in the classification system; contains the most differences
species the lowest level in the classification system; contains the most similarities
phylum the second level in the classification system; contains many similarities
class the third level in the classification system
order the fourth level in the classification system
family the fifth level in the classification system
genus the sixth level in the classification system; this is the first word in a scientific name
Animalia kingdom contains only multicellular hetereotrophs
heterotroph an organism that relies on others for food
Plantae kingdom cactus, moss, corn
Archaebacteria kingdom bacteria that live in deep sea vents
Eubacteria kingdom bacteria that cause strep throat
Protista kingdom amoeba, paramecium, algae
Fungi kingdom mold, mildew, yeast
comparing DNA modern technique used to classify organisms
Created by: antoine305A