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basics ch 14-17

microorganisms minuscule living bodies that cannot be seen w/o a microscope
pathogens microorganisms that cause infections in humans
health care associated infection infection that is acquired while a pt is being care for in any health care setting
primary infection infection caused by one pathogen only
localized infection infection in one area of the body
septicemia microorganisms present and multiplying in the blood
medical asepsis practices preformed to prevent the spread of infection;clean technique
surgical asepsis maintaining a sterile environment, operating room
disinfectant cleaning agent that removes most pathogens except some viruses and spore-forming bacteria
direct contact method by which microorganisms spread directly from one person to the next
normal flora and fauna tiny plants and animals normally found in the human body
vectors insect,tick or mite that spreads infection in humans
chain of infection sequence of events that must occur for infection to spread from one person to another
secondary infection infection caused by a different pathogen than the primary
systematic infection infection that spreads through the bloodstream from one site to another
standard precaution group of safety measures preformed to prevent the transmission of pathogens found in blood and body fluids
transmission based precautions prevent the spread of infection to pts or health care staff
sterile technique perform procedures in such a way that no pathogens will enter the pt when you insert tubes or give injections
sterilization removes all pathogens using steam under pressure, heat, gas, or chemicals
indirect contact occurs when microorganisms leave one pt and contaminate an object
bacteria one celled microorganism classified by their shape
viruses tiny parasites that live within cells of hosts and reproduce there
protozoa single celled animals that live in water and cause intestinal illnesses when ingested
fungi one or more cells,enter skin through cuts or cracks
helminths parasitic worms that inhibit the digestive tract of humans
step 1(donning) perform hand hygeine
step 2 (donning) put on gown
step 3 (donning) put on mask/respirator
step 4 (donning) put on eye protection
step 5 (donning) put on gloves
step 1 (removing) remove the gloves
step 2 (removing) remove eye protection
step 3 (removing) remove the gown
step 4 (removing) remove the mask/respirator
step 5 (removing) perform hand hygeine
hygeine actions taken to be cleaned and well groomed
excoriation scrapes on the skin
mottling purplish blotching from the skin
maceration softened skin from continuous exposure to moisture
vasodilation scrapes on the skin
lesions open areas
lice tiny parasites that live on the scalp
venous return return of blood from extremities back to the heart
leukoplakia white patches on the tongue or oral mucosa that can be precancerous
Created by: mariavaldez77