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Ethics part 1;

USA ethics assignment part 1

QuestionAnswer
What is the main problem with researching? there isn't any set code of ethics or rules, they vary from person to person or group to group.
The three shared values of researchers include: Honest, Accuracy , Efficiency, Objectivity
Differnt guidances available are... Laws, that must be followed--non-binding codes and guidlines, that should be followed--and unspoken codes that are believed to be followed.
What are the four basic sources of guidelines and regulations for research? Professional Codes, Government regulations, institutional policies, and personal convictions
National Academy of Sciences, On Being a Scientist The idea of Trust and honesty in code of ethics
What are the responisibities of the American Chemist? The public, the science of Chem, the profession, the employer, the employees, students, and associates
What three acts finally regulated human and animal research? Animal Welfare Act, National Research Act, and Health Research Extension Act
What regulates the act of making a policy? Federal Administrative Procedure Act
Model Policy and Procedures for Responding to Allegations of Scientific Misconduct federal model of guidance--not legally binding
Education in the Protection of Human Research Participants REquirement of the surveyer or study to be education of the protection of Human reasearch participants
In order to get federal funds angencies need to follow specific guidelines or rules.
Limitations times when a higher action of conduct is needed, rules will not solve everything
What is the operative principle for the vast majority? Doing the right" thing.
Aurthur Caplan said that purposeful misrepresented data by researchers is an showing of lapsed morals, therefore discipline will not help the situation
What does research misconduct include? fabrication, falsification, and plagirism
What does research misconduct NOT include? honest errors or differences of opinion
Representative Albert Gore held first hearing of research misconduct in 1981, brought to light the misconduct, brought in Congressional attention, revileved the ineffectiveness of previously established organizations meant to combat this in the beginning
Who is overseer of research misconduct? Office on Inspector General of the National Science Foundation
What are some federal agencies that oversee research? NSF, Office of Research Integrity, FDA, CDC, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Agency for Toxic Substances
The NSF believes that the ratio of actually found misconduct cases and reported misconduct cases is lower than it should be.
What are some different reasonings behind research misconduct? individual, situational, organizational, structural, and cultural
What are the processes of regulating research misconduct? inquiry, investigation, and adjuction
Who is go-to for research misconduct? First, is it to the instution, institution that the individual claims or regional/business insitution. Further investigation goes to federal agencies
If the federal agency finds any possibility of harm, the research should be suspended imediately until more investigations have been done.
Those that see misconduct must act
Whistle-Blowers are often fearful of repurcussions--much more honored in theory rather than reality, They should have persepctive, understanding of rules and procedures, able to document, and resolve allegations
Who is responsible for knowing the guidelines of research? Any involved in any type of research.
Aurthur Caplan said that purposeful misrepresented data by researchers is an showing of lapsed morals, therefore discipline will not help the situation
What does research misconduct include? fabrication, falsification, and plagirism
What does research misconduct NOT include? honest errors or differences of opinion
Representative Albert Gore held first hearing of research misconduct in 1981, brought to light the misconduct, brought in Congressional attention, revileved the ineffectiveness of previously established organizations meant to combat this in the beginning
Who is overseer of research misconduct? Office on Inspector General of the National Science Foundation
What are some federal agencies that oversee research? NSF, Office of Research Integrity, FDA, CDC, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Agency for Toxic Substances
The NSF believes that the ratio of actually found misconduct cases and reported misconduct cases is lower than it should be.
What are some different reasonings behind research misconduct? individual, situational, organizational, structural, and cultural
What are the processes of regulating research misconduct? inquiry, investigation, and adjuction
Who is go-to for research misconduct? First, is it to the instution, institution that the individual claims or regional/business insitution. Further investigation goes to federal agencies
If the federal agency finds any possibility of harm, the research should be suspended imediately until more investigations have been done.
Those that see misconduct must act
Whistle-Blowers are often fearful of repurcussions--much more honored in theory rather than reality, They should have persepctive, understanding of rules and procedures, able to document, and resolve allegations
Who is responsible for knowing the guidelines of research? Any involved in any type of research.
Data any collection of facts, meaurements or observances
Researchers must be aware of what during data collection? requirements and regulations, standards of private entities, institution policies, professional standards, broad social norms
Data Protection The level of confidentiality, which is based on the nature of the data, the type of data, and who is allowed to know the data, and researcher intention
Data Collection many things should be ordered before data is gathered, including on what the minimum amount is for it to be considered good results
IN general it is unethical for someone to start an exeriment without proper research
Data Collection is the process of gathering and meausring information
an important
Created by: kalensnyder