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Science 10-1-12

directed reading for science, Seeds and Plant life

moves water and minerals to the plant xylem
moves food to all plants parts phloem
where are most roots found? underground
What do roots suply for the plant? water and minerals
what holds plants in the soil? roots
Name a function of roots they store food
what are the cells covering a root called? epidermis
what helps roots get more water? root hairs
what does the root cap protect? root tip
what part of the root produces a slimy substance? root cap
what is a root system with one main root called? taproot
what is the name of the root system with several roots that are usually the same size? fibrous root
where are most stems found above ground
Stems __________ the plant. support
stems connect a plants ________ to its leaves roots
Stems move materials between the roots and _________. shoots
Some stems store ___________. water
what are stems that are soft thin and flexible called? herbaceous stems
Name a plant that has a herbaceous stem. bean
What are rigid stems made of wood and bark called? woody stems
What is the name of a ring of dark surrounding a ring of light cells in a woody stem? growth ring
What size and shape are leaves? many shapes and sizes
This captures energy from the sun chloroplast
leaves get this from air. carbon dioxide
this is made from carbon dioxide and water food
located under the cuticle epidermis
tiny opening that lets carbon dioxide enter the leaf stomata
stops water loss from a leaf cuticle
open and close the stomata guard cell
modifies leaves of cactus sundew
has leaves modified to catch insects spines
where a sundew gets nitrogen insects
Why do some plants have flowers? to attract animals
What protects flower buds? sepals
what parts of the flower are broad, leaflike, and attract animals? petals
the stigma, style, and ovary are parts of the _________. pistil
A fruit develops from the _______ ovary
The filament and anther are parts of the ___________. stamen
What is the male part of the flower called? stamen
what is the female part of the flower called? pistil
what part of a flower contains the ovules? ovary
One flower that can be eaten is.... broccoli
one flower that can be used to make is.... chamomile
one flower that can be used as a spice is... cloves
What makes plants green and captures energy from the sun? chlorophyll
What process do plants use to make food? photosynthesis
What is the name of the waxy layer that keeps plants from drying out? cuticle
What helps make the cell walls hard? carbohydrates and proteins
What lies beneath the cell wall? cell membrane
What is produced during the sporophyte stage? spores
What does a fertilized egg grow into? sporophyte
what is a flowering seed? angiosperm
does not have tissues for moving water and nutrients nonvascular plant
is a vascular plant that has no flowers gymnosperms
has specialized tissues for moving water and nutrients vascular plants
has both flowers and seed angiosperms
has seeds but no flowers gymnosperms
has vascular tissue but has no seeds seedless vascular plant
Green algae are not ________ plants
Green algae and plants have _________ _______ that are a lot alike cell walls
Green algae and plants might share common _________. ancestors
Green algae and plants both make food through _____________ photosynthesis
What are two groups of seedless plants? nonvscular and vascular
Where do nonvascular plants usually live? damp places
What helps mosses get water and nutrients? rhizoids
During the moss life cycle, what structure releases spores? sporophyte
During the moss life cycle, what do spores grow into? gametophytes
What are two stages of the moss life cycle called? gametophyte and sporophyte
what do the gametophyes of hornworts look like? broad and flattened
how do nonvascular plants help the soil? reduce soil erosion
How do animals use nonvascular plants? for food and nesting material
What can dried peat moss be used for? fuel
an underground stem rhizome
ferm leaves fronds
young frond fiddlehead
smaller than a fingernail fern gametophyte
horsetails feel gritty because of _______ silica
Silica is found in the ___________ of horsetails. stems
Plants that are about 20 cm tall and grow in woodlands are called ________ ___________ club mosses
club mosses are not actually __________ mosses
how do ferns, horsetails, and club mosses help the environment? form soil
What can horsetails be used for? shampoo
What fuel was formed by seedless plants that died 300 million years ago? coal
Created by: MadisonAschen