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Chapter 1

How Do I Study Geography- Darden

Round model that shows its shape, lands & directions in true relation Globe
Flat drawing of all or part of the Earth's surface Map
Shows continents close to their true shapes & sizes Goodes Interrupted equal-area projection
Shows land shapes fairly accurate, except for size or distance. Useful for sea travel. Mercator projection
Continents and oceans are close to sizes and shapes, but North and South Poles are flattened Robinson projection
Provides good overall view of shapes and sizes. Lands are not distorted as the Robinson projection Winkel Tripel Projection
Imaginary lines that run east to west known as parallels Latitude
Circles in the middle of the Earth like a belt with zero degrees latitude Equator
Known as the meridian and runs from the North Pole to the South Pole Longitude
Zero degrees longitude runs through Greenwich England Prime Meridian
Two hemispheres established by the Equator Northern Hemisphere Southern Hemisphere
Two hemispheres establish by the Prime Meridian Eastern Hemisphere Western Hemishpere
Tells what information the map is showing Title
Explains symbols, colors and lines Key or Legend
Helps determine distance on a map Scale bar
Symbol telling north, south, east and west Compass rose
Lines show an area's territory or political influence Boundary lines
Symbolized by a star Capital
Size of the map compared to the actual land surface Scale
Show large land area but little detail Small scale map
Show small land area with a great amount of detail Large scale map
Maps that show a wide range of information about an area General purpose map
Map that calls out landforms and water features. Map key explains what each color stands for. Physical map
Map that shows names and political boundaries, along with features such as cities or transportation routes Political map
Maps that show a line for each major level of elevation. Contour map
Maps that show events that occurred in a region over time. Historical map
Map that shows different types of plants found in a region Vegetation map
Uses bars or wide lines to compare data visually Bar graphs
Uses slices or percentage to represent part of the whole pie Circle graphs
Graph that shows changes over a period of time. Line graphs
Presents facts and numbers in an organized way. Charts
Shows steps in a process or explains how something works. Diagrams
Created by: cathydarden



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