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ch19 equine breeds

Chapter 19 Equine Breed Identification and Production Management

artificial insemination process of collecting semen from a stallion to place in a mare for breeding
bit equipment placed in a horse's mouth when riding a horse
broodmare female horse used for reproduction and breeding purposes
bucking lifting and kicking action of the hind limbs
canter three beat running gait of english horses
cecum area within the intestinal tract located between the small and large intestine that helps break down roughage and protein
chain shank chain placed around the head and halter of a horse for added control
Clostridium bacteria that cause tetanus and is found naturally in manure and soil
coffin bone bone located within the hoof joint that rotates when laminitis occurs
Coggins test blood test for Equine Infectious Anemia
colic severe stomach pain in the horse
colt young male horse
constipation inability to have a bowel movement
cooled semen semen shipped in a special container kept on ice
cross ties short ropes placed on either side of the horse to allow safe movement while working around the horse
cusp center of the tooth that wears with age
dam female parent of the horse
donkey member of the equine family with large ears, also known as a burro
draft horse large and muscular horse standing over 17 hands tall
electrolytes powdered supplements placed in food and water to encourage the horse to drink more water
enema warm soapy water used to produce a bowel movement
equine veterinary term for horse
equine encephalomyelitis viral disease of horses found in different strains transmitted by mosquitoes, also called sleeping sickness
equine infectious anemia (EIA) deadly virus in horses caused and transmitted by mosquitoes
Equus caballus genus and species of the horse
expel to remove
farrier professional who trims and shoes horses hooves, also known as a blacksmith
fertility ability to reproduce
filly young female horse
float instrument used to file down teeth, also called a rasp
floating filing process of horse teeth
foal young newborn horse of either gender
follicle development in the ovary that releases the egg
foaling the labor process of horses
forage hay or pasture source
founder common term for laminitis
frog v shaped soft pad in the bottom of the hoof
frozen semen semen shipped in a special container and kept frozen with liquid nitrogen
gallop fast four beat running gait where each foot hits the ground at different times
gait movement or way a horse moves
gaited horse horse that moves with a specific rhythm and motion
gelding castrated male horse
halter equipment applied to the head of the horse for control and handling
hand the measurement method of determining the height of the horse, a hand equals four inches
hierarchy the place a horse has in the herd
hinny cross of a male horse and female donkey
hobbles leg restraints to prevent a horse from kicking
hoof pick equipment used to remove rocks and debris from horse hooves
hoof wall outer covering of the hoof
hunter horse ridden over small fences
influenza equine flu virus
inhand breeding method of holding the mare and stallion for breeding purposes
iodine chemical disinfectant used to destroy bacteria
jack male donkey
jenny female donkey
jog slow two beat gait of western horses
jumper horse ridden over large fences on a set course
laminitis inflammation of the lamina within the hoof bone and surrounding tissue
lead rope applied to the halter to handle, control, and move a horse
leading the act or motion of moving or walking a horse
light horse riding horse between 14.3 and 17 hands in height
live cover natural breeding method of the mare and stallion
longe line long lead line used to exercise a horse in circles
lope three beat running gaot of western horses
maiden female horse that has not been bred
mare the adult intact female horse capable of reproduction
mineral block minerals supplied in a block for horses to lick
morphology correct appearance
motility movement
mule cross with a female horse and male donkey
near side left side of the horse
nonruminant specialized digestive system of the horse that requires small amounts of food to be digested throughout the day
ovary female reproductive sex organ
ovulation the time the egg is released from the mare's ovary
palpation to feel
parked out standing with the front feet and rear legs wide apart
parturition veterinary term for the labor process
pasture breeding method of breeding when the mare and stallion are turned out in the pasture
placenta membranes that contain waste materials of a foal
points sharp edges of corners of the teeth
pony small equine under 14.2 hands in height, commonly used by children
racehorse horse bred for speed and racing purposes
rasp instrument used to file down horse teeth, also called a float
rearing lifting action of the front limbs off the ground and raising the body in the air
riding horse horse ridden for show or pleasure purposes
salt block salt provided in a block for horses to lick
sire male parent of a horse
slip knot type of tie used as a quick release
spooking startling action
stallion adult intact male horse capable of reproduction
stock horse horse built to work on a ranch that has athletic ability
stud adult male intact horse of breeding age
swamp fever common name for equine infectious anemia
tail tying method of tying the tail to keep it out of the way or move a sedated horse
trot slow two beat gait of english horses
tetanus bacterial condition known as lockjaw
twitch chain or rope placed over the lip of the horse as a restraint
ultrasound use of sound and radio waves as a diagnostic procedure
walk relaxed four beat slow gait
warm blooded ability for controlling the body temperature internally
wolf teeth small teeth that may develop in front of the first molars
Created by: tromanczak