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Geography vocab for lessons 1 and 2

gulf a large body of water that cuts deep into the land
mountain A land form that is very high and steep. They usually are wide at the bottom and rise to a narrow peak or ridge.A mountain rises at least 2000 feet above sea level.
archipelago a group or chain of islands clustered together in a sea or ocean
region an area that has one or more geographic characteristics in common, such as the Rocky Mountains.
landforms the different shapes of Earth’s surface. Mountains, hills, plateaus, plains, valleys, peninsulas, and islands are examples of landforms.
desert an area with less than ten inches of rain per year and a rocky, sandy surface
geography study of Earth and how people live on Earth and use its resources
climate local weather conditions of an area like temperature, precipitation, humidity, sunshine, wind and other conditions.
natural resources materials or substances such as minerals, forests, water, and fertile land that occurs in nature and can be used for economic gain.
human geography The study of people and how they interact with the earth.
latitude Lines called parallels that measure the distance between the Equator and points north or south of it on the surface of the Earth.
longitude Lines called meridians, that measure the distance East and West on the Earth.
degrees the unit of measurement used for lines of latitude and longitude
hemisphere half of the globe or half of Earth. The four _________ are Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western.
Prime Meridian the line of longitude from the South Pole to the North Pole measured in degrees. It divides Earth into Eastern and Western Hemispheres.
compass rose a symbol that shows the directions: north, south, east, and west
key/legend explains the meaning of the symbols on the map.
plains large areas of flat lands
forest an area where coniferous and deciduous trees are the most dominant plant Deciduous trees shed their leaves in the fall. Coniferous trees include trees that have pinecones, such as fir and spruce.
rainforest a dense, either tropical or temperate forest that receives lots of rain year round
ocean a large body of saltwater
political map a map that shows boundaries of countries, states, provinces, territories.
physical map a map that shows landforms
Created by: Chappy5



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