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Domains & Process 1

midterm review

righting (optical and labrinthine) 3-6 months, alight head with gravity
protective 6 months-life; hands to protect from fall, encourage extensor patterns
equilibrium 6 months-life; maintain balance, whole body--used when walking
transfer of learning (best practices) natural context, functional activity, @ natural time and place, motor skills with similar components
motor learning sequence, adapt, grade, practice, error based learning, feedback (intrinsic), knowledge of results, knowledge of performance
hand dominance age 24-48 months (concerned if not by 4-5 years)
progression of hand dominance asymmetrical (0-3), symmetrical (4-5), unilateral controlled (6+ mo), cross midline (7-8), increase use of one hand (12-18)
scribbling 10-12 months
imitation of strokes 2 years; vertical, horizontal, circular
copying l -- O 3 years
writes name 5-6 years
writing hand grasp progressions radial cross palmar-->palmar supinate --> digital pronate grasp --> brush grasp --> grasp with extended fingers --> static --> dynamic tripod
development grasp progression reflexive (0-3), ulnar palmar (3-4), palmar (5-6), radial palmar (6-7), radial digital/inf scissor (8-9), inferior pincer (9-10), sup pincer/tip pinch (10-12)
precision grasps disc, dynamic, 3 jaw, tip pinch
power grasps hammer, knife, cylindrical, spherical
voluntary release age 7-8 months
purposeful release, into container 10 months
In hand manipulation (expected age) 6-7 years old
visual receptive functions acuity, accomodation, binocular, stereopsis, converge/diverge
visual cognitive functions visual attention, memory, visual discrim, visual imagery
Types of visual discrimination form constancy, visual closure, figure ground, spatial perception
Once parent permission is obtained, MFE and ETR must be completed in... 60 days
if ETR indicates elibility for IEP... develop and implement IEP within 30 days
ETCH print and cursive, grades 1-6, difficult to score (>20 min)--mild delays or disabilities
the print tool printing only, age 6+, 8 different components, not standardized
CHES useless, not recommended, from the 1980's, insight into a child's feelings
VMI Observation, age 2-18 high reliability and validity, tests readiness, early steps of VMI important for printing, looks at copying shapes--VM integration, visual analysis and spatial ability
Test of HW skills revised (TOH-R) observation--printing only 6-8, then cursive 8-18, evaluates neuro-sensory integration, can help diagnose conditions impeding HW, literacy skills
MN HW assessment shortest, fastest, compare functioning to 1st and second graders, uses every letter, only 2.5 minutes
Schnoodles 3-10 years, observation can occur in group, must be an OT or OTA, inexpensive
McMaster k-3, available online, not intended to be a complete assessment of skills
Denver HW analysis no longer in print
HW w/o tears--school age no FM, print and cursive, sensorimotor, all styles
HWT ps & K promotes fine motor--print onlye, foundational skills
Loops & other groups CURSIVE ONLY! kinesthetic, 2nd grade-HS
getting it write printing & cursive, groups of 4-10, sensorimotr, daily HW
sensible pencil motor learning, printing only, all children and those with visual motor integration difficulties
big strokes for little folks printing, cognitive, sensorimotor, developmental, Motor learning---develops skills, doesnt teach HW
zaner bloser print and cursive, motor learning,
size matters print only, motor learning, graded or adapted for skill level
fine motor olympics motor learning and sensorimotor, FM skills
finermania board game approach, ML and SM approach
TRICS written by author of ETCH, GREAT ideas for fine motor development and info on how to carry it over to writing
fundanoodle print, visually appealing, flexible
Hands to midline 4 months
pull feet to mouth, touch toes 5-6 months, important for core strength, extend/stretch arms and legs
pull to stand 7-9 months, rely on table or chair to help rise
Babinski reflex integrates 9-10 months
crawling and creeping 7-9 months, hip and abdomen co-contractions
supported walking (cruising) 10-11 months
isolated strength, able to stand without support from table 10-12 months
STNR integration should integrate by 12 months of age---if not, bunny hopping, inability to sit up, scooting
3 jaw chuck 10 months
fine pincer grasp 12 months
climbing up and down stairs 10-12 months
transferring between hands 8-10 months, begins as 2-stage, then as release develops it becomes 1 stage
Concerned if not walking by... 17 months
drinks from a cup and brings utensil to mouth 13-17 months
builds tower of 2-4 cubes 13-17 months
scribbles 13-17 months--radial cross palmar then palmar supinate
beginning signs of running 18 months--runs stiffly, no flexion, wide base of support
rubs without falling, alone on stairs 24 months
independent with feeding 24 months
10-20 words and expresses some wants 18 months
up to 50 words, associate names with familiar items 24 months
object permanence 18-24 months
Created by: kari1311