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Physical Fitness B.


Health People 2020 is a comprehensive set of health promotion and disease prevention objectives with the primary intent of improving the nation's health.
Dimensions of health related Physical Fitness Body Composition, Muscular Endurance, Cardiovascular Fitness, Flexibility, Strength
Dimensions of Skilled-Related Physical Fitness Reaction Time, Power, Balance, Speed, Coordination, Agility
Three of Lifestyles Considered to be priority healthy lifestyles Exercise, eating well, and managing stress
Self-Efficacy Self-efficacy is the measure of one's own competence to complete tasks and reach goals
Stages of lifestyles Change Precontemplation, Contemplation, Preparation, Action, Maintenance
SMART Goal It is specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, and timely. Ex: To perform 30 mins of brisk walking 6 days a week for the next 2 weeks.
PAR-Q Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire
Clinical Exercise Test a test, typically administered on a treadmill, in which exercise is gradually increased in intensity while the heart is monitored by an EKG. Ex: VO2 Max
Heat Related Problems Heat cramps, Heat Exhaustion, Heatstroke
Rice Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
Doms Delay Onset Muscle Soreness
Physical Activity Does for the heart Produces a strong heart muscle, Promotes good collateral circulation
Physical Activity Does for Atherosclerosis Lowers blood lipid levels, Increases HDL Cholesterol("good"), Reduces fibrin deposits (blood Coagulation)
Physical Activity Does for Back pain Improves Flexibility of joints and ligaments, Musculoskeletal strength and endurance
Physical Activity Does for Obesity Burns calories, Increases rate of metabolism, Promotes fat loss and preserves muscle
Physical Activity Does for Diabetes Type 1: Reduces diseases risk, Increases quality of life Type2: Decreased insulin requirement, Reduced fatness
Hypokinetic Diseases A hypokinetic disease or condition is associated with lack of physical activity or too little regular exercise. Ex: heart disease, low back pain, and typeII diabetes.
Physical Activity for Osteoporosis Reduces risk of Osteoporosis, Increases peak bone mass, Slow decline in bone mass
Overload Principle Most basis of all principles that specifies that you must perform physical activity in greater than normal amount (overload) to get an improvement in physical fitness of health benefits
Principles of progression The corollary of the overload principle that indicates the need to gradually increase overload to achieve optimal benefits.
Principles of Specificity The corollary of the overload principle indicates a need for a specific type of exercise to improve each fitness component or fitness of a specific part of the body.
Principles of Reversibility The corollary of the overload principle that indicates that disuse or inactivity results in loss of benefits achieved as a result of overload.
Principles of Dose-Response Some is better than None. The more physical activity you perform, the more you benefit. There are exception to this rule.
Principle of Diminished Returns The Corollary of the overload principle indicating that more benefits you gain as a result of activity, the harder additional benefits are to achieve.
Principles Of Rest Recovery The corollary of the overload principle that indicates that adequate rest is needed to allow the body to adapt to and recover from exercise.
Principle of Individuality The corollary of the overload principle that indicates that overload provides unique benefits to each individual based on the unique characteristics of that person.
FITT Frequency, Intensity,Time,Type
Arteries Arteries pump oxygenated blood and have muscular, elastic walls that promote good circulation
Veins Veins carry de-oxygenated blood and rely on pumping action of muscles to move blood.
1 MET Resting Energy Expenditure
Created by: abbywells10