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Health and Wellness2

Health and Wellness 221

QuestionAnswer
Health is a ____________ concept and is viewed from a broader Perspective Multidimensional.
Health Beliefs are A persons ideas, convictions, and attitudes about health and illness
Health Belief Model addresses the relationship between a person's beliefs and behaviors.
Health Promotion model contains ___ components Three
The first component to the Health Belief Model involves an individuals perceptions of susceptibility to an illness. EX: perceiving a personal heart disease risk.
The second component is an individuals perception of The seriousness of the illness
The perception of seriousness of illness is influenced and modified by demographic and psychosocial variables including threats of the illness, cues to action, advice from family, mass media.
The third component of the Health Belief Model is the likelihood that a person will take preventative action-- results from a person's perception of the benefits of barriers to taking action.
The Health Promotion Model was designed to be a complementary counterpart to the models of health protection.
Health is defined by the Health Promotion Model is defined as a positive dynamic state, not merely the absence of disease.
The desired behavioral outcome of the HPM is Health-promoting behavior. Health-promoting behaviors result in improved health, enhanced functional ability, and better quality of life.
When applying Maslows Hierarchy of needs the focus of care is on the __________ ______ rather than on strict adherence to the hierarchy. Patients Needs
Emergent __________needs take precedence over a higher-level need. physiological
Holistic view of health considers more _______ and ______ as aspects of wellness. Emotional and spiritual well-being
nurses using a holistic model must consider the patient as the ultimate experts concerning their own health.
Internal variables of health include a persons developmental stage, intellectual background, perception of functioning, emotional and spirit factors.
External variables of health include family practices, socioeconomic factors, cultural background
Health promotion strategies motivate people to act positively to reach more stable levels of health.
Wellness education does what? teaches people how to care for themselves in a healthy way. Includes physical awareness, stress management, and self-responsibility.
Illness prevention are activities such as immunization programs to protect from actual or potential threats to health.
A Passive strategy of health promotion is when individuals gain from the activities of others without acting for themselves.
An Active strategy of health promotion is when individuals are motivated to adopt specific health programs. EX: weight loss
what is Primary Prevention? True prevention. It precedes disease or dysfunction. EX: health education
What is Secondary prevention? Focus on individuals who are experiencing health problems or illness and those at risk for developing complications or worsening conditions. EX: diagnosis and intervention
What is tertiary Prevention? When a defect or disability is permanent and irreversible. It involves minimizing effects of long-term disease by prevention of complications and deterioration.
What are risk factor categories? Genetic and physiological factors, age, environment, lifestyle.
What is Illness? a state in which a person's physical, emotional, intellectual, social, developmental, or spiritual functioning is diminished or impaired.
Describe Acute Illness Usually reversible, has a short duration, and is often severe. Abrupt symptoms, intense, and subside after a short period.
Describe Chronic illness usually longer than 6 months. irreversible. affect functioning in one or more systems.
What four modifiable health behaviors are linked to Chronic Illness physical inactivity, poor nutrition, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption.
What are internal variables effecting illness behavior? patient perception of symptoms, nature of illness.
What are external variables effecting illness behavior? visibility of symptoms, cultural background, economic variables, social support, accessibility of health care.
Created by: dgreen158