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Behavioural Psych

Behavioural disorders as well as associated drugs

A psychiatric emergency involves? Behavior that is disturbing to himself, his family , or his comunity.
Clues suggesting Psychiatric emergency -Sudden Onset, -Visual hallucinations, - Memory loss,-Altered pupil size,-Salivation,-Incontinence
Anxiety disorder Affects 10% of adults, Painful uneasiness about impending problems/situations.
Panic Attack Intense fear/ tension. Cant concentrate.
Phobias Stimulated by things, places, situations, Agoraphobia most common.
Schizophrenia Significant changes in behavior, including hallucinations, delusions, catatonia and flatness.
Delusional Schizo fixed false beliefs not widely held within the individuals cultural or religious group.
Hallucinations Schizo Sensory perceptions with no basis in reality
Catatonia Immobility and stupor
Paranoid Schizo Preoccupied with a feeling of persecution and may suffer delusions and auditory hallucinations
Disorganized schizo speech and dress disorganized
Catatonic Schizo Rigidity, immobility, stupor
Undifferentiated Does not really fit in to any schizo categories
Personality disorder 'Perceiving, reaticing,& relating' At abuse for addictions. Usually unaware their thought process is different
Paranoid Cold and distant in relationships. Cant see their role in life
Schizoid Antisocial, withdrawn, solitary, socially distant,
Schizotypal Socially and emotinoally detached. Believes in magical thinking such as superstitions
Histrionic Trying to achieve social approval, always seeking attention, risk takers
Borderline No confidence in themselves. Fear abandonment by caring person.
Avoidance Avoid any situations that can hurt them. Strong desire for affection
Narcissistic Sense of superiority and exaggerated beliefs in their own value or importance
Antisocial No regard for feelings or righs of others, Exploit others for gain without remorse.
Somataform Disorder Chronic severe illness characterized by many physical symptoms. Demand help and feel outraged when needs arent met
Conversion Symptoms Most disapear quickly once medical advice has been sought after.
Hypochondrias Person Believes that he has the symptoms of sickness.
Munchausen Syndrome Faking illness for attention. Conciously fake symptoms however quest for attention is unconcious.
Anorexia Nervosa Starve themselves, risk of starvation and loss of menstrual cycle.
Bulimia Nervosa Bing eating then purge episodes to follow.
Purging type Self induced vomiting, diuretics, laxatives, ipecac
non-purging type only 6% of bulimic's engage in excessive exercise or fasting in order to counteract calorie intake
Depression Mood disorder dealing with deep feelings of sadness, worthlessness, discouragement.
INSADCAGES Interest, Sleep, Appetite, depressed mood, concentration, activitym, guilt, energy, suicide
Mania Develops over a few days. Feeling more energetic and better than normal, falso convictions of power.
Causes of mania Drugs: amphetamines, antidepressants, cocaine Infections: AIDS, Influenza, Encephalittis Hormonal Disorders: high Thyroid levels Neurological Disorders: Head Injuries Connective Tissue Disorders: Lupus
Bipolar disorder Mania to depressed, from really happy to really sad
Manic Phase Inflated self image, elation, feelings of being powerful
Drepessed Phase Loss of interest, feelings of worthlessness, suicidal thoughts
Suicide 10th leading cause of death in US. Men Succeed more often, women attempt.
Suicide Risk Factors loss of loved one, loss of job, loss of health, diagnosis of serious illness, single, widowedm, >40 y/o
PTSD A reaction to an extreme usually life threatening stressor. Desire to avoid similar situations, or thoughts.
Dopamine Neurotransmitter in the brain. D1-D5 dopamine receptors. Associates with pleasure centre of the brain providing enjoyment.
Serotonin In the CNS its is believed to regulate anger, aggression, body temp, mood ,sleep, vomiting, sexuality. Low levels may increase aggresiveness
MAOI Blocks MOA in the cells mitochondria that is responsible for metabolizing norepinephrine. Norepinephrine is then increased in the synapse.
Anticholinergics Antagonizes acetylcholine muscarinic receptors. (heart, salivary glands, sweatt glands, GI tract, GU tract) Dry as a bone, Blind as a bat (dilated pupils), Mad as a hater, red as a beet, hot as a hare, tachycardia, delirium
Cholinergics Increases Parasympathetic responses. SLUDGE
Created by: Jordo99