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Integumentary Vocab

Integumentary vocabulary terms

A highly complex organ or organ system. Integument
Skin, and the associated hairs, nails, and exocrine glands. Cutaneous Membrane
Superficial epithelium. Epidermis
Underlying area of connective tissues. Dermis
Skin on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. (5 layers) Thick Skin
Skin that covers the rest of the body. (4 layers) Thin Skin
Cells responsible for stimulating a defense against microorganisms and superficial skin cancers. Langerhans Cells
Protection, Excretion, Maintenance, Synthesis of vitamin D3, Storage, Detection. Functions of Skin
Abnormal Malignant cell growth. (Carcinoma) Cancer
Cancer of superficial stem cells. Very treatable, most common type of skin cancer. Basal Cell Carcinoma
Cancer of Squamous layer of skin cells. Less common. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Cancer of deep Melanocyte cells. Malignant Melanoma
Immune response, stimulating defense against microorganisms, skin cancer. Langerhans Cells
Basic component of hair and nails. Keratin
Evaporating water from your skin. Insensible Perspiration
Produced by active sweat glands. Sensible Perspiration
Orange, yellow pigment that accumulates in skin cells. Carotene
Brown, yellow-brown, or black pigment produced by melanocytes. Melanin
Produce melanin. Melanocytes
Radiation that causes your melanocytes to produce melanin. Ultraviolet Radiation A-B
Binds and transports oxygen via red blood cells in the bloodstream. Hemoglobin
Skin takes on a bluish coloration. Cyanosis
Liver is unable to secrete bile. (yellow skin, eyes) Jaundice
Medication on patches applied to skin. Transdermal Administration
Individuals lose their melanocytes. (white patches) Vitiligo
Skin ulcers due to lack of proper blood flow. Bedsores
Tissue death. (lack of blood flow) Necrosis
Ruptured blood vessels. (bruise, "black & blue" Contusion
Inflammation of the skin. (contact dermatitis, Eczema, diaper rash, hives) Dermatitis
Smooth muscle that pulls on hair follicles & forces the hairs to stand erect. (goose bumps) Arrector Pili
Oil glands. Sebaceous Glands
Secrete into hair follicles. Bacteria found on secretions. (armpits, nipples, groin) Apocrine Sweat Glands
Discharge secretions onto the skin surface. Sensible perspiration. (eccrine) ( Merocrine Sweat Glands
99% water, also contains electrolytes. (mostly nacl) Sweat
Cool skin surface to reduce body temp. Excrete water & electrolytes. Protect skin from environmental hazards. (dilutes harmful chem., discourages microorganism growth) Functions of Merocrine Sweat Glands
Epidermis thins. Langerhans cells decrease. Vitamin D3 declines. Melanocyte activity declines. Glandular activity declines. Ageing of the Integumentary System
Surface burn, redness, painful. (sunburn) First Degree Burn
Entire epidermis & some dermis damage.Blistering, pain, swelling occur. Second Degree Burn
Destroys epidermis & dermis. Burns less painful. Third Degree Burn
Widespread bacterial infection, is the leading cause of death in burn patients. Sepsis
Redness of skin. (sunburn) Erythema
Areas of intact skin are transplanted to cover burn sites. Skin Graft
Sebaceous gland inflamation, whitehead, blackhead. Acne
Thickened area of scar tissue covered by a shiny, smooth epidermal surface. Keloid
Painless condition, rapid stem cell growth (scalp, elbows, palms, soles, groin & nails) dry & scaly. Psoriasis
Blood clot that forms at the surface of a wound to the skin. Scab
Dry skin. Xerosis
The spreading of cancer cells throughout the body. Metastasis
Created by: dwinrod