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Leadership Theories

Nursing leadership theories of Marquis and Huston book

The Great Man Theory The idea that some are meant to lead, and some are meant to follow
Brandts Leaders concern for followers decreases strife, leaders develop an environment that fosters autonomy and creativity
Ouchi Theory Z; Much like Theory Y of McGregor, but didn't relate the dynamics of relationship between leader and follower
Herbert Simon Administrative (intuitive) and economic (rational) leadership
Henri Fayol Management process: staffing, control, planning, organizing, and directing
Kanter Leaders must develop strong relationships with various people. Work empowerment structures are opportunity, power and proportion
Nelson and Burns Four development levels: reactive, responsive, proactive, and high performance
Mayo Hawthorne Effect: people will act in the ways they believe they are being studied
Herrman Four different parts to the brain: upper and lower left, upper and lower right
Mary Parker Follet Human relations: emphasized people rather than machines, recognized situational leadership
Hollander Both leaders and followers have roles in strategies and plans
Fredrick Taylor Applied the rules of science to management and leadership, emphasized that if employees "know their part," they are more willing to comply
Hershey and Blanchard Situational leadership--no one leadership style works for every situation. Maturity of leaders change from task focused to relationships
Douglas McGregor Theory X and Theory Y. Believed Theory X leaders thought that all employees were lazy, while Y believes that employees are willing to do their part.
Tannebaum and Schmidt Leaders need mixtures of democratic and autocratic behavior
Schein Work is an environment that people respond to, people motives and ideals change, not one leadership strategy works for all situations
Lewin, White, and Lippitt Came up with 3 different styles of leadership: authoritative, democratic, and laissea-faire
Antonakis, Avolio, and Sivasubramaniam Full-Range leadership theory: Believe there are 9 factors that impact leadership style and followers, 5 are transformational, 3 are transactional, and 1 is laissez-faire
Gardner Integrated leader-managers
Zinni and Koltz Leaders of America have failed to change with the times, top-down leadership is no longer effective
Osborn and Marion Full range leadership theory
Greenleaf, Sutton, Takaba, Sturm Servant leadership: acceptance and empathy is greater, those that are higher up tend to lose this, and works more effectively amongst groups
Avolio, Walumbwa, and Weber Say there is confusion in leadership process--such as leaders view follower feedback as output rather than input
Principal Agent Theory Not all agents are willing to work for the best of the principal
Human Capital Theory Persons will invest in education and professional development if they feel it will pay off in the future
Dr Linda Aiken Said that OR pts had a better survival rate when BSN nurses worked with them
Emotional Intelligence Understanding and recognition of oneself and others
Goleman 5 points of EI: self awareness, self regulation, motivation, empathy and social skills. EI goal is emotional literacy--being self aware. EI can be learned, but improves with age.
Authentic Leadership It is the leader's principles and convictions to act accordingly that inspire followers
Thought Leadership Person is recognized among peers by having innovative ideas and having confidence
Dyer, Gregersen, Christensen Creative leadership: using both sides of the brain for situations
Quantum Leadership Builds on transformational leadership, builds on quantum physics which is the idea that reality is continually changing
Cultural Bridging Becoming increasingly needed in nurse-managers due to the increasing diversity of population. Also applies to ages (generational diversity)
What are we transitioning from and to? Industrial Age Leadership to Relationship Age Leadership
Created by: kalensnyder