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Science Chapter15-17

Science Chapter 15-17

QuestionAnswer
What is the atmosphere the earths air is made up of a thin layer of gasses solids and liquids which forms a protective layer around the planet and is divided into five distinct layers
What is radiation energy transferred by waves of rays
what is conduction transfer of energy that occurs when molecues bump into each other
what is convection transfer of heat by the flow of material
what is the cariolis effect cause moving air to turn left in the southern hemisphere and right in the northern hemisphere due to the earts rotation
what is the jet stream a narrow belt of strong winds that blow near the top of the troposphere
what is seabreeze movement of the air from sea to land during the day when cooler air from above the water moves over the land forcing the heated less dense air above the land to rise
what is land breeze movement of air toward water
What is Weather state of atmosphere at a specific time and place
What is humidity the amount of water vapor present in the air
What is relative humidity measure of the amount of water vapor present in the air compared to the amount needed for saturation at a specific temperature
what is dew point the temperature at which air is saturated and condensation forms
what is precipitation water falling from clouds
what is an air mass a large body of air that has properties similar to the part of earths service over which it develops
what is a front a boundary between two air masses of different density, moisture or tempature
what is a station model indicates weather conditions at a specific location using a combination of symbols on a map
what is isotherm a line that connects points of equal temperature
what is an isobar a line drawn to connect points of equal atmospheric pressure
what is climate the pattern of weather that occurs in an area over many years
what is tropics the area between the tropic of cancer and the tropic of capircorn
what are polar zones the very top and very bottom of the earth
what are temperate zones the area between the tropic and polar zones
what is El NiƱo a climatic event that involves the tropical pacific ocean and the atmosphere. Occurs when trade winds weaken or reverse and it disrupts normal precipitation patterns.
what is the greenhouse effect a natural heating process that occurs when certain gasses trap heat
Created by: Jandwmcdonald