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Clinical Return #1

QuestionAnswer
What is Asepsis? the absence of pathological (disease-producing) microorganism
Medical Asepsis, also known as clean technique includes procedures for reducing the number of organisms.
Hand Hygiene, barrier techniques, and routine environmental cleaning are examples of Medical Asepsis
Hand Hygiene includes using an instant alcohol hand antiseptic before and after providing patient care. Washing hands with soap and water when they are visibly soiled.
The primary source of of infection in health care settings Contaminated hands of health care workers
The Joint Commission ________ ___ Campaign informs patients and encourages them to ask if their nurses have cleaned their hands. Speak Up Campaign
Use of water and soap to scrub a surface to remove soil. cleaning
What is Disinfection a process that eliminates many or all microorganism with the exception of bacterial spores from inanimate objects
What is Sterilization? elimination of all microorganisms including spore forming.
Alcohol hand rubs do not kill Spore forming bacteria
When should hands be washed? when visibly soiled, before eating, after using the toilet. When exposed to spore forming bacteria.
Tier One Precautions Standard Precautions
Tier Two Precautions Transmission-Based Precautions for use with Specific Types of Patients.
Airborne Precautions Infections (droplet nuclei smaller than 5 microns) Measles, chickenpox, Tuberculosis
Airborne Precaution Barrier Protections Private rooms, negative airflow, HEPA filtration, mask and respiratory protection, N95 respirator.
Droplet Precautions (being within 3 feet of patient) Infections Diphtheria, rubella, streptococcal pharyngitis, scarlet fever, pneumonia, sepsis,
Droplet Precautions Barrier Protection Private rooms, cohorting patients, mask, respirator.
Contact Precations (direct patient contact, environmental contact) Infections C. Difficile, shigella, herpes, scabies, wound infections.
Contact Precautions Barrier Precautions Private Rooms, cohort patients, gloves, gowns.
Protective Environment Precautions Conditions Stem Cell Transplants, Neutropenic,
Protective Environment Precautions Barrier Protection Private room, positive airflow, HEPA filter, mask worn by patient when out of room
Created by: dgreen158