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Ap Government Chap 3

Review for Ap Gov Chapter 3 by Honeyebee1617

Federalisim A way of organizing a nation so that more than two levels of law can have authoriety over the same land and people. Shared power between units of government.
Unitary Governments A way of organizing a nation so that all of the power rests in the hands of the central government. All but 11 nations in the world have this type of government.
Intergovernmental Relations The workings of the fedral system (the entire set of interactions among national,state, and local governments.
Supremacy Clause Article 6 of the Constitution which makes the Constitution, national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws when the national government is acting within its constitutional limits.
10th Ammendment The Constitutional ammendment stating that " the powers not delegated to the U.S by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectivly, or to the people."
McCulloch vs Maryland 1819 Supreme Court decision that stated that Congress had certain implied powers in addition to the enumerated powers found in the Constitution.
Enumerated Powers Powers of the federal government that are specifically addressed in the Constitiution. For Congress these are listed in Article 1, section 8.
Implied Powers Powers of the federal government that extend beyond those enumerated in the Constitution.
Elastic Clause The final paragraph of Article 1, Section 8, of the Constitution, which authorizes Congress to pass all laws "necessary and proper"to carry out the enumerated powers.
Full Faith and Credit A clause in the Constitution requiring each state to recognize the offical documents and civil judgements rendered by the courts of other states.
Extradition A legal process where any lleged ciminal is surrendered by the officals of one state to the officals of the state where the alleged crime took place.
Privliges and Immunities A clause in the Constitution that states that according citizens of each state the privleges of citizens of other states.
Dual Federalisim A system of government in which both the states and the national government remain supreme within their own spheres, each responsible for some policies.
Cooperative Federalisim A system of government in which powers and policy assignments are shared between the states and the national government.
Devolution Transfering responsibility for policies from the federal government to state and locl government.
Fiscal Federalisim The pattern of spending,taxing,and providing grants in the federal system:the cornerstone in the relationship between the national, local, and state government.
Catagorical Grants Federal grants that can only be used for specific purposes of state and local spending. These grants come with strings attached, such as non discrimination provisions.
Project Grants: Federal Catagorical grants given for specific purposes and awarded on the basis of merits of the applicant.
Formula Grants Federal catagorical grants distributed according to a formula specified in the legeslation or in administrative regulations.
Block Grants federal grants given more or less automatically to states or communities to support broad programs in areas such as community development and social services.
Created by: honeybee1617



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