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davwilli chapter 3

Chapter 3 vocabulary

Pairs of cells that surround stomata and control their opening and closing Guard Cells
Chemical compound made out of sugar; forms tangled fibers in the cell walls of many plants and provides structure and support Cellulose
Plant with tube-like structures that move minerals, water, and other substances throughout the plant Vascular Plant
Waxy, protective layer that covers the stems, leaves, and flowers of many plants and helps prevent water loss Cuticle
Angiosperm with one cotyledon inside its seed, flower parts in multiples of three, and vascular tissues in bundles scattered throughout the stem Monocot
Threadlike structures that anchor nonvascular plants to the ground. Rhizoid
First organisms to grow in new or disturbed areas; break down rock and build up decaying plant material so that other plants can grow Pioneer Species
Plant the absorbs water and other substances directly through its cell walls instead of through tube-like structures Nonvascular Plant
Flowering vascular plants that produce fruits containing one or more seeds; monocots and dicots Angiosperm
Tiny openings in a plant’s epidermis through which carbon dioxide, water vapor, and oxygen enter and exit Stomata
Vascular tissue that forms hollow vessels that transport substances, other than sugar (like water), throughout a plant Xylem
Vascular tissue that forms tubes that transport dissolved sugar (food) throughout a plant Phloem
Vascular tissue that produces xylem and phloem cells as a plant grows Cambium
Angiosperm with two cotyledons inside its seed, flower parts in multiples of four or five, and vascular bundles in rings Dicot
Vascular plants that do not flower, generally have needlelike or scalelike leaves, and produce seeds that are not protected by fruit; conifers, cycads, ginkgoes, and gnetophytes Gymnosperm
Created by: davwilli