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Health Assessment Vocabulary - Thorax & Lungs

Alveoli Functional units of the lung; the thin-walled chambers surrounded by networks of capillaries that are the site of respiratory exchange of carbon dioxide & oxygen
Angle of Louis Manubriosternal angle, the articulation of the manubrium and body of the sternum, continuous with the second rib
Apnea Cessation of breathing
Asthma An abormal respiratory condition associated with allergic hypersensitivity to certain inhaled allergens, characterized by bronchospasm, wheezing, and dsypnea
Atelectasis An abnormal respiratory conition characterized by collapsed, shrunken, deflated section of alevoli
Bradypnea Slow breathing, <10 breaths per minute, regular rate
Bronchiole One of the smaller respiratory passageways into which the segmental bronchi divide
Bronchitis Imflammation of the bronchi with partial obstruction of bronchi due to excessive mucous secretion
Bronchophony The spoken voice sound heard through the stethosocope, which souns soft, muffled, and indistinct over normal lung tissue
Bronchovesicular The normal breath sound heard over major bronchi, characterized by moderate pitch and an equal duration of inspiration & expiration
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) A functional category of abnormal respiratory conditions characterized by airflow obstruction (e.g. emphysema, chronic bronchitis)
Cilia Millions of hairlike cells lining the tracheobronchial tree
Consolidation The solidification of portions of lung tissue as it fills up with infectious exudate, as in pneumonia
Crackles (Rales) abnormal, discontinuous, adventitious lung sounds heard on inspiration
Crepitus Coarse, crackling sensation palpable over the skin when air abnormally escapes from the lung and enters the subcutaneous tissue
Dead Space Passageways that transport air but are not available for gaseous exchange (e.g. trachea, bronchi)
Dyspnea Difficult, labored breathing
Egophony The voice sound of "eeeee" heard through the stethoscope
Emphysema The chronic obstructive pulmonary disease characterized by enlargement of alveoli distal to terminal bronchioles
Fissure The narrow crack dividing the lobes of the lungs
Fremitus A palpable vibration from the spoken voice felt over the chest wall
Friction rub A coarse, grating, adventitious lung sound heard when the pleurae are inflamed
Hypercapnia (Hypercarbia) increased levels of carbon dioxide in the blood
Hyperventillation Increased rate and depth of breathing
Hypoxemia Decreased level of oxygen in the blood
Intercostal Space Space between the ribs
Kussmaul Respiration A type of hyperventilation that occurs with diabetic ketoacidosis
Orthopnea Ability to breathe easily only in an upright position
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea Sudden awakening from sleeping with shortness of breath
Percussion Striking over the chest wall with short, sharp blows of the fingers to determine the size and density of the underlying organ
Pleural Effusion Abnormal fluid between the layers of the pleura
Rhonchi Low-pitched, musical, snoring, adventitious lung sound caused by airflow obstruction from secretions
Tachypnea Rapid, shallow breathing, >24 breaths per minute
Vesicular The soft, low-pitched, normal breath sounds heard over peripheral lung fields
Vital Capacity The amount of air following maximal inspiration that can be exhaled
Wheeze High-pitched, musical, squeaking adventitious lung sound
Whispered pectoriloquy A whispered phrase heard through the stethosocope that sounds faint and inaudble over normal lung tissue
Xiphoid Process Sword-shaped lower tip of the sternum
Created by: jsl0009