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Skin, Hair, & Nails

Health Assessment Vocabulary

Alopecia Hair loss
Annular Circular shape to skin lesion
Bulla Elevated cavity containing free fluid larger than 1 cm diameter
Confluent Skin lesions that run together
Crust Thick, dried-out exudate left on skin when vesicles/pustules burst or dry up
Cyanosis Dusky blue color to skin or mucous membranes due to increased amount of unoxygenated blood
Erosion Scooped out, shallow depression in skin
Erythema Intense redness of the skin due to excess blood in dilated superficial capillaries
Excoriation Self-inflicted abrasion on skin due to scratching
Fissure Linear crack in skin extending into dermis
Furuncle (Boil) suppurative inflammatory skin lesion due to infected hair follicle
Hemangioma Skin lesion due to benign proliferation of blood vessels in the dermis
Iris Target shape of skin lesion
Jaundice Yellow color to skin, palate, and sclera due to excess bilirubin in the blood
Keloid Hypertrophic scar, elevated beyond site of original injury
Lichenification Tightly packed set of papules that thickens skin, from prolonged intense scratching
Lipoma Benign fatty tumor
Maceration Softening of tissue by soaking
Macule Flat skin lesion with only a color change
Nevus (Mole) circumscribed skin lesion due to excess melanocytes
Nodule Elevated skin lesion, >1 cm diameter
Pallor Excessively pale, whitish pink color to lightly pigmented skin
Papule Palpable skin lesion, <1 cm diameter
Plaque Skin lesion in which papules coalesce or come together
Pruritis Itching
Purpura Red-purple skin lesion due to blood in tissues from breaks in blood vessels
Pustule Elevated cavity containing thick, turbid fluid
Scale Compact desiccated flakes of skin from shedding of dead skin cells
Telangiectasia Skin lesion due to permanently enlarged and dilated blood vessels that are visible
Ulcer Sloughing of necrotic inflammatory tissue that causes a deep depression in skin, extending into dermis
Vesicle Elevated cavity containing free fluid up to 1 cm diameter
Wheal Raised red skin lesion due to interstitial fluid
Zosteriform Linear shape of skin lesion along a nerve route
Created by: jsl0009