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VNSG 1204 Exam 2

Foundations of Nursing ch 3 & 7

permission to do what is usually not permitted Privilege
actions and beliefs approved of by a particular group Ethical Code
rules of right or wrong ethical principles
consider the ethical dilemma ethical committee
rules of conduct established and enforced by the government of a society and intended to protect both the general public and individuals Laws
Constitutional, statutory, administrative, common, criminal, and civil Categories of laws
formal laws with the framework of the constitution Constitutional Law
laws enacted by federal, state, or local legislatures Statutory Laws
legal term for a law Statute
legal provisions through which federal, state, and local agencies Administrative laws
litigation that falls outside the realm of constitutional, statutory, and administrative law common law
penal codes that protect the safety of all citizens from people who pose a threat to the public good Criminal law
statutes that protect personal freedom and rights Civil law
threat or attempt to do bodily harm Assault
an unauthorized physical contact Battery
interference with a person's freedom to move about at will without legal authority to do so false imprisonment
failure to leave people and property alone invasion of privacy
an act in which untrue information harms a person's reputation defamation
harm that results because a person did not act reasonably negligence
professional negligence Malpractice
making a decision or treating someone based on a class or group to which he belongs, such as race, religion, or sex Discrimination
unwelcome sexual advances sexual harassment
unexpected patient care event that results in death or serious injury to the patient sentinel event
Health insurance portability and accountability act HIPAA
Occupational safety and health act OSHA
laws that provide legal immunity to individuals who provide emergency first aid to victims of accidents Good samaritan law
designated time within which a person can file a lawsuit statue of limitations
a nurse must record all aspects of care provided accurately and completely Documentation
client is forewarned of a potential hazard to his or her safety and chooses to ignore the warning Assumption of risk
patients agreement to allow something to happen, such as surgery, based on full disclosure of risks, benefits, alternatives, and consequences of refusal Informed consent
written statement identifying a competent persons wishes concerning terminal care Advance directives
written document that identifies a persons preferences regarding medical interventions Living will
designates a proxy for making decisions when the client is incompetent Durable power of attorney
manner in which healthcare personnel manage the care of patient at the time of cardiac or respiratory arrest Code status
specific knowledge and skills necessary to perform a task competence
ability to form an opinion or draw a sound conclusion judgement
usually refer to judgement about behaviors and ethics is the study of ideals of right and wrong Morals
represents a particular brand of ethics, namely the study of ethics within the field of healthcare Bioethics
defines action as right or wrong based on their "right making characteristics such as fidelity, truthfulness, and justice Deontology
the greatest good for the greatest number of people Utilitarianism
how ethical decisions affect women Feminist ethics
issues of nursing, gender, and ethical dilemma ethics of care
right to choose autonomy
fairness to all justice
maintain commitments fidelity
being honest veracity
promotes taking positive, active steps to help others beneficence
fundamental agreement to do no harm nonmaleficence
execution of duties associated with a nurse's particular role responsibility
ability to answer for your actions accountability
defines the scope of nursing practice State Nurse Practice Act
nurses responsibility to meet the health care needs of the patient in a safe and caring way Professional accountability
assignment of duties to another person delegation
defined in nursing procedure books, institutional manuals of policies Standards of care
only those who provide direct patient care need to access this record Confidentiality
the chart provides the institution a means of achieving quality assurance Quality assurance
The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations JCAHO
Promblem-oriented medical records POMR
involves writing patient care in chronological order Narrative charting
structured method of documentation that emphasizes the patient's problems POMR
subjective data, objective data, analysis of data, and plan of care SOAP charting
Problem, Intervention, and Evaluation PIE charting
uses the word focus instead of problem, due to the negative connotation of the word problem Focus charting
with this method the nurse only charts on the abnormal findings Charting by exception
highlights abnormal data, decreases time, and eliminates duplication Advantages of charting by exception
development of detailed protocols and procedures, retraining of staff, and data is omitted Disadvantages of charting by exception
a quick reference for current info about the patient and their care Nursing Kardex
a form of documentation with sections for recording frequently repeated assessment data Flow sheets
Situation, background, assessment, and recommendation SBAR
cannot legally take phone orders Student nurses
Created by: nursekk