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Geog. & History A

WCHS Geog. & History A - North America Words

Everglades a large subtropical swampland in Florida of about 4,000 miles.
Prevailing Westerlies Winds that blow from west to east in the middle latitudes.
St. Lawrence Seaway North America’s most important deepwater ship route. Completed in the 1950s as a joint project of the United States and Canada. Connects the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean.
Great Plains a largely treeless area that continues the ascent to about 4,ooo feet.
Rocky Mountains major mountain system of the United States and Canada. They are a series fo ranges that exted about 3,000 miles form Alaska to New Mexico.
Mississippi River A major river that runs north-south almost the length of the United States. From Minnesota to the Gulf of Mexico. Part of the longest river system on the continent.
Representative Democracy People rule through elected representatives.
Federal Republic where powers are divided among the federal, national and various state governments.
Free Enterprise System An economic system where private individuals own most of the resources, technology and businesses and operate them for profit with little control from the government.
Service Industries Any kind of economic activity that produces a service rather than a product. Nearly 3 out of 4 Americans work in service related jobs.
Permafrost Permanently frozen ground
Prime Minister The majority party’s leader in Parliament. Head of Government.
Prairie Provinces Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta.
Nunavut It is the home to Canada’s Inuit. Came from the eastern half of the Northwest Territories in 1999.
Dominion of Canada Passed in 1867, the British North American Act. it is a loose political union of Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. It is self government but part of British Empire.
Beringia a land bridge that once connectd Siberia and Alaska
Appalachian Mountains One of two major mountains chains in the U.S. and Canada. They extend some 1,600 miles from Newfoundland to Alabama.
Megalopolis A region in which several large cities and surrounding areas grow together.
Urban Sprawl A porrly planned development that spreads a city’s population over a wider and wider geographic area.
Assimilation A process whereby a minority group gradually gives up its own culture and adopt the culture of a majority group.
Coalition An alliance.
Multiculturalism Many cultures in one country.
Infrastructure The basic support systems needed to keep and economy going, including power, communications, transportation, water, sanitation and education systems.
Global Network a worldwide interconnected group.
Office of Homeland Security Created after 9/11, was established to coordinate antiterrorist efforts.
Canadian Multiculturalism Act Enacted in 1988, to promote and protect diversity. Ensures the equality for people of all origins and enriches their country.
Smart Growth The efficient use oand conservation of land and other resources
terrorism The uses of or threatened use of, force or violence against individuals or property for the purpose of intimidating or causing fear for political or social end.
Substainable community A community where residents can live and work in harmony with the environment
Biological Weapons a bacterium or virus that can be used to harm or kill people, animals or plants.
Mackenzie River Canada’s longest river, and is part of a river system that flows across the Northwest Territories to the Arctic Ocean.
Created by: dmoudy