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High-Frequency Vocab

ISEE test

QuestionAnswer
aberrant different from an accepted norm
aberration deviation from a right, customary, or prescribed course
abet to aid, promote, or encourage an offense
abeyance a state of suspension or temporary inaction
abjure to recant, renounce, repudiate under oath
ablution a washing or cleansing, especially the body
abrogate to abolish, repeal
abscond to depart suddenly and secretly, as for the purpose of escaping arrest
abstemious characterized by self denial or abstinence, as in use of drink or food
abstruse dealing with matters difficult to be understood
abut to touch at the end or boundary line
accede to agree
acquiesce to comply; submit
acrid harshly pungent or bitter
acumen quickness of intellectual insight or discernment; keenness of discrimination
adage an old saying
adamant any substance of exceeding hardness or impenetrability
admonition gentle reproof
adumbrate to represent beforehand in an outline or by emblem
affable easy to approach
aggrandize to cause to appear greatly
aggravate to make heavier, worse, or more burdensome
agile able to move or act quickly, physically, or mentally
agog in eager desire
alacrity cheerful willingness
alcove a covered recess connected with or at the side of a larger room
alleviate to make less burdensome or less hard to bear
aloof not in sympathy with or desiring to associate with others
amalgamate to mix or blend together in a homogeneous body
ambidextrous having the ability of using both hands with equal skill or ease
ambiguous having a double meaning
ameliorate to relieve, as from pain or hardship
anathema anything forbidden, as by social usage
animadversion the utterance of criticism or censure
animosity hatred
antediluvian of or pertaining to the times, things, events before the great flood in the days of Noah
antidote anything that will counteract or remove the effects of poison, disease, or the like
aplomb confidence; coolness
apocryphal of doubtful authority or authenticity
apogee the climax
apostate false
apotheosis deification
apparition ghost
appease to soothe by quieting anger or indignation
apposite appropriate
apprise to give notice to; inform
approbation sanction
arboreal of or pertaining to a tree or trees
ardor intensity of passion or affection
argot a specialized vocabulary for a particular group
arrant notoriously bad
ascetic given to severe self-denial and practicing excessive abstinence and devotion
ascribe to assign as a quality or attribute
asperity harshness or roughness of temper
assiduous unceasing; persistent
assuage to cause to be less harsh, violent, or severe, as excitement, appetite, pain, or disease
astringent harsh in disposition or character
astute keen in discernment
atonement amends, reparation, or expiation made from wrong or injury
audacious fearless
augury omen
auspicious favorable omen
austere severely simple; unadorned
autocrat any one who claims authority or influence
auxiliary one who or that which aids or helps, especially when regarded as subsidiary or accessory
avarice passion for getting and keeping riches
aver to avouch, justify or prove
aversion a mental condition of fixed opposition to or dislike of something
avow to declare openly
baleful malignant
banal commonplace
bask to make warm by genial heat
beatify to make happy
bedaub to smear over, as with something oily or sticky
bellicose warlike
belligerent manifesting a warlike spirit
benefactor a doer of kindly and charitable acts
benevolence any cat of kindness or well-doing
benign good and kind of heart
berate to scold severely
bewilder to confuse the perceptions or judgment of
blandishment flattery intended to persuade
blatant noisily or offensively loud or clamorous
blithe joyous
boisterous unchecked merriment or animal spirits
bolster to support, as something wrong
bombast inflated or extravagant language, especially or unimportant subjects
boorish rude
breach the violation of official duty, lawful right, or a legal obligation
brittle fragile
bumptious full of offensive and aggressive self-conceit
buoyant having the power or tendency to float or keep afloat
burnish to make brilliant or shining
cabal a number of persons secretly united for effecting by intrigue some private purpose
cacophony a disagreeable, harsh, or discordant sound or combination of sounds or tones
cajole to impose on or dupe by flattering speech
callow without experience of the world
calumny slander
candid straightforward
cant to talk in a singsong, preaching tone with affected solemnity
capacious roomy
capitulate to surrender or stipulate terms
captious hypercritical
castigate to punish
cataract opacity of the lens of eye resulting in complete or partial blindness
caustic sarcastic and severe
censure to criticize severely; also, an expression of disapproval
centurion a captain of a company of one hundred infantry in the ancient Roman army
chagrin keen vexation, annoyance, or mortification, as at one's failures or errors
chary careful; wary; cautious
chicanery the use of trickery to deceive
circumlocution indirect or roundabout expression
coddle to treat as a baby or invalid
coerce to force
coeval existing during the same period of time;
cogent appealing strongly to the reason or conscience
cogitate consider carefully and deeply
cognizant taking notice
colloquial pertaining or peculiar to common speech as distinguished from literary
collusion a secret agreement
comestible fit to be eaten
commemorate to serve as a remembrance of
complaisance politeness
complement to make complete
comport to conduct or behave oneself
compunction remorseful feeling
conceit self-flattering opinion
conciliatory tending to reconcile
concord harmony
concur to agree
condense to abridge
conflagration a great fire, as of many buildings, a forest or the like
confluence the place where streams meet
congeal to coagulate
conjoin to unite
connoisseur a critical judge of art
console to comfort
conspicuous clearly visible
consternation panic
constrict to bind
consummate to bring to completion
contiguous touching or joining at the edge or boundary
contrite broken in spirit
contumacious rebellious
copious plenteous
cornucopia the horn of plenty
corporeal of a material nature
correlate to put in some relation of connection
corroboration confirmation
counterfeit made to resemble something else
countervail to offset
covert concealed
cower to crouch down in fear or shame
crass coarse or thick in nature
credulous easily deceived
cupidity avarice
cursory rapid and superficial
curtail to cut off or cut short
cynosure that to which general interest or attention is directed
dearth scarcity
defer to delay or put off
deign to deem worthy of notice or account
deleterious hurtful
delineate to represent by sketch
deluge to overwhelm with a flood of water
demagogue an unprincipled politician
denizen inhabitant
denouement that part of a play or story in which a mystery is cleared up
deplete to reduce or lessen
deposition testimony used as evidence in court
deprave to render as morally bad
deprecate to express disapproval
deride to ridicule
derision ridicule
derivative coming or acquired from some origin
descry to discern
desiccant any remedy which dries up or absorbs moisture
desuetude a state of disuse or inactivity
desultory no connected with what precedes
deter to frighten away
dexterity readiness in any physical activity
diaphanous transparent
diatribe a bitter or malicious criticism
didactic pertaining to teaching
diffidence self-distrust
diffident affected or possessed with self-distrust
dilate to enlarge in all directions
dilatory tending to cause delay
disallow to withhold permission or sanction
discomfit to put to confusion
disconcert to disturb the composure of
disconsolate hopelessly sad
discountenance to look upon with disfavor
discredit to injure the reputation of
discreet judicious
disheveled disordered; untidy
dissemble to hide by pretending something different
dissent disagreement
disseminate to scatter
dissolution a breaking up of a union of persons
distraught bewildered
divulge to tell or make known, as something previously private or secret
dogmatic making statements without arguemnt or evidence
dormant being in a state of sleep
dubious doubtful
duplicity double-dealing
earthenware anything made of clay and baked in a kiln
ebullient showing enthusiasm
edacious given to eating
edible suitable to be eaten
educe to draw out
effete exhausted
efficacy to power to produce an intended effect
effrontery unblushing impudence
effulgence splendor
egregious extreme
egress any place of exit
elegy a lyric poem lamenting the dead
elicit to extract gradually without violence
elucidate to bring out more clearly
emaciate to waste away in flesh
embellish to make beautiful by adding attractive features
embezzle to misappropriate secretly
emblazon to set forth publicly or in glowing terms
encomium a formal expression of praise
encumbrance a troublesome load
endemic peculiar to some specified country or people
enervate to render ineffective or inoperative
engender to produce
engrave to cut or carve in or upon some surface
enigma a riddle
enmity hatred
entangle to involve in difficulties
entreat to ask for or request earnestly
Epicurean indulging to satisfy an appetite
epithet word used adjectivally to describe some quality or attribute of its objects
epitome a simplified representation
equable equal and uniform
equanimity evenness of mind or temper
equilibrium a state of balance
equivocal ambiguous
equivocate to use words of double meaning
eradicate to destroy thoroughly
errant roving or wandering
erratic irregular
erroneous incorrect
erudite very-learned
eschew to keep clear of
espy to keep close watch
eulogy a spoken or written praise of a person's life
euphonious characterized by agreeableness of sound
evanescent fleeting
evince to make manifest or evident
evoke to call or summon forth
exacerbate to make more sharp, severe, or virulent
exculpate to relieve of blame
exhaustive thorough and complete in execution
exigency state of requiring immediate action
exorbitant going beyond usual and proper limits
expatiate to speak or write at some length
expedient contributing to personal advantage
expiate to make satisfaction or amends fro
explicate to clear from involvement
expostulate to discuss
expropriate to deprive of possession
extant still existing and known
extempore without studied or special preparation
extenuate to diminish the gravity or importance of
extinct being of no longer in existence
extinguish to render extinct
extirpate to root out
extol to praise in the highest terms
extort to obtain by violence
extraneous having no essential relation to a subject
exuberance rich supply
facetious amusing
facile not difficult to do
factious turbulent
fallacious illogical
fatuous idiotic
fawn a young deer
feint any sham or deceptive movement
felon a criminal or depraved person
ferocity savageness
fervid intense
fervor ardor or intensity of feeling
fidelity loyalty
finesse subtle contrivance used to gain a point
flamboyant characterized by extravagance and in general by want of good taste
flippant having a light, pert, trifling, disposition
florid flushed with red
flout to treat with contempt
foible a personal weakness or failing
foment to nurse to life or activity
foppish characteristic of one who is unduly devoted to dress
forbearance patient endurance or toleration of offenses
forfeit to lose possession of through failure to fulfill some obligation
forgery counterfeiting
forswear to renounce upon oath
fragile easily broken
frantic frenzied
frugal economical
fugacious fleeting
fulminate to cause to explode
fulsome offensive from excess of praise
gainsay to contradict
gamut the whole range or sequence
garrulous given to constant trivial talking
germane relevant
gesticulate to make gestures or motions, as in speaking
glimmer a fain, wavering, unsteady light
gossamer flimsy
gourmand a connoisseur in the delicacies of the table
grandiloquent speaking in a bombastic style
gregarious sociable, outgoing
grievous creating affliction
guile duplicity
gullible credulous
halcyon calm
harangue a tirade
harbinger one who announces the coming of any person or thing
head adv precipitately, as in diving
heinous odiously sinful
heresy an opinion or doctrine of settled beliefs or accepted principles
heterogeneous consisting of different elements
hirsute having a hairy covering
hoodwink to deceive
hospitable to treat strangers or guests with kindness
hypocrisy extreme insincerity
iconoclast an image-breaker
idiosyncrasy a mental quality or habit peculiar to an individual
ignoble low in character or purpose
ignominious shameful
illicit unlawful
imbroglio a misunderstanding
imbue to dye
immaculate without spot or blemish
imminent dangerous and close at hand
immutable unchangeable
impair to cause to become less or worse
impassive unmoved by or not exhibiting feeling
impecunious having no money
impede to be an obstacle or to place obstacles in the way of
imperative obligatory
imperious insisting on obedience
imperturbable calm
impervious impenetrable
impetuous impulsive
impiety irreverence toward God
implacable incapable of being pacified
implicate to show or prove to be involved in or concerned
implicit implied
importunate urgent in character, request or demand
importune to harass with persistent demands
impromptu anything done or said on the impulse of the moment
improvident lacking foresight
impugn assail with arguments
impute to attribute
inadvertent accidental
inane silly
incessant unceasing
inchoate incipient
incipient initial
incite to rouse to a particular action
incongruous unsuitable for the time, place, or occasion
inculcate to teach by frequent repetitions
indelible that can not be blotted out or removed
indigence poverty
indigenous native
indistinct vague
indolence laziness
indolent habitually inactive or idle
indomitable unconquerable
indulgent yielding to the desires or humor of oneself or those under one's care
ineffable unutterable
ineluctable impossible to avoid
inept not fit or suitable
inexorable unrelenting
infuse to instill, introduce, or inculcate
ingenuous candid, frank, or open in character
inimical adverse
innocuous harmless
inscrutable mysterious or profound
insensible imperceptible
insinuate to imply
insipid tasteless
insouciant nonchalant
insurrection the state of being in active resistance to authority
interdict authoritative act of prohibition
interim time between acts or periods
intransigent not capable of being swayed
intrepid fearless and bold
introspection the act of observing one's own thoughts
inundate to fill with an overflowing abundance
inure to harden or toughen by use
invalid one who is disabled by illness or injury
invective an utterance intended to cast censure
inveigh to utter vehement censure
inveterate habitual
invidious showing or feeling envy
invincible not to overcome
iota small or insignificant mark or part
irascible prone to anger
irate moved to anger
ire wrath
irksome wearisome
itinerant wandering
jocular inclined to joke
judicious prudent
junta a council or assembly that deliberates in secret upon the affairs of government
lachrymose given to shedding tears
languid relaxed
lackadaisical listless
lascivious lustful
lassitude lack of vitality or energy
latent dormant
laudable praiseworthy
laudatory pertaining to, expressing, or containing praise
legacy a bequest
levee an embankment beside a river or stream or an arm of the sea, to prevent overflow
levity frivolity
lexicon a dictionary
libel defamation
licentious wanton
lien a legal claim or hold on a property
listless inattentive
lithe supple
loquacious talkative
lugubrious indicating sorrow, often ridiculously
luminary source of light
lustrous shining
malaise a condition of uneasiness of ill-being
malcontent one who is dissatisfied with the existing sate of affairs
malevolence ill will
malign to speak evil of, especially to do so falsely and severely
malleable pliant or flexible
massacre killing of human beings
maudlin foolishly and tearfully affectionate
mawkish sickening or insipid
mellifluous sweetly or smoothly flowing
mendacious untrue
mendicant beggar
meretricious alluring by false or gaudy show
mesmerize to hypnotize
meticulous over-cautious
mettle courage
mettlesome having courage or spirit
microcosm the world or universe on a small scale
mien the external appearance or manner of a person
mischievous fond of tricks
miscreant a villain
miser a person given to saving and hoarding unduly
misnomer a name wrongly or mistakenly applied
moderation temperance or prohibition
modicum a small or token amount
mollify to soothe
molt to cast off as hair, feathers, etc
monomania the unreasonable pursuit of one idea
morbid caused by or denoting an unsound condition of body or mind
mordant biting
moribund on the point of dying
morose gloomy
multifarious having great diversity or variety
mundane worldly, as opposed to spiritual
munificent generous
myriad a vast indefinite number
nadir the lowest point
nefarious wicked in the extreme
negligent apt to omit what ought to be done
neophyte having the character of a beginner
noisome very offensive, particularly to the sense of smell
nostrum any scheme or recipe of charlatan character
noxious hurtful
nugatory having no power or force
obdurate impassive to feelings of humanity or pity
obfuscate to darken
oblique slanting
obsequious showing a servile readiness to fall in with the wishes or will of another
obstreperous boisterous
obtrude to be pushed or to push oneself into undue prominence
obtrusive tending to be pushed to to push oneself
obviate to clear away or provide for, as an objection or difficulty
odious hateful
odium a feeling of extreme repugnance, or of dislike and disgust
officious inter meddling with what is not one's concern
ominous threatening; portentous
onerous burdensome or oppressive
onus a burden or responsibility
opprobrium the state of being scornfully reproached or accused of evil
ossify to convert into bone
ostentation a display dictated by vanity and intended to invite applause or flattery
ostracism exclusion from favor in society or politics
ostracize to exclude from public or private favor
palate the roof of the mouth
palatial magnificent
palliate to cause to appear less guilty
palpable perceptible by feeling or touch
panacea a remedy or medicine proposed to cure all diseases
panegyric a formal and elaborate eulogy of a person or act
panoply a full set of armor
paragon a model of excellence
pariah a member of a degraded class
paroxysm a sudden outburst of any kind of activity
parsimonious unduly sparing in the use of money
partisan exhibiting undue devotion to a party
pathos the quality that rouses emotion or sympathy
paucity fewness
peccadillo a small breach of propriety or principle
pedestrian one who journeys on foot
pellucid translucent
penchant a bias in favor of something
penurious excessively sparing in the use of money
penury indigence
peregrination a wandering
peremptory precluding question or appeal
perfidy treachery
perfunctory half-hearted
peripatetic walking about
perjury a solemn assertion of a falsity
permeate to pervade
pernicious tending to kill or hurt
persiflage banter
perspicacity acuteness of discernment
perturbation mental excitement or confusion
petrify to convert into a substance or stony harness
petulant displaying impatience
phlegmatic not easily roused to feeling or action
physiognomy to external appearance merely
pious religious
pique to excite a slight degree of anger in
placate to bring from a state of angry or hostile feeling to one of patience or friendliness
platitude a written or spoken statement that is flat, dull, or commonplace.
plea an argument to obtain some desired action
plenary entire
plethora excess
plumb a weight suspended by a line to test the verticality of something
plummet a piece of lead for making soundings, adjusting walls to the vertical
poignant severely painful or acute to the spirit
polyglot speaking several tongues
ponderous unusually weighty
portend to indicate as being about to happen
portent anything that indicates what is about to happen
precarious perilous
preclude to prevent
precocious having the mental faculties prematurely developed
predominate to be chief in importance, quantity, or degree
premature coming too soon
presage to foretell
prescience knowledge of events before they take place
presumption that which may be logically assumed to be true until disproved
preternatural extraordinary
prevalent of wide extent or frequent occurrence
prevaricate to use ambiguous or evasive language for the purpose of deceiving or diverting attention
prim stiffly proper
pristine primitive
probity virtue or integrity tested and confirmed
proclivity a natural inclination
procrastination delay
prodigal one wasteful or extravagant, especially in money or property
prodigious immense
profligacy shameless viciousness
profligate recklessly wasteful
profuse produced or displayed in overabundance
prolix verbose
propinquity nearness
propitious kindly disposed
prosaic unimaginative
proscribe to reject, as a teaching or a practice
protuberant bulging
provident anticipating and making ready for future wants
prudence caution
puerile childish
pugnacious quarrelsome
punctilious strictly observant of the rules or forms prescribed by law or custom
pungency the quality of affecting the sense of smell
pusillanimous without spirit or bravery
pyre a heap of combustibles arranged for burning a dead body
qualm a fit of nausea
quandary a puzzling predicament
quibble an utterly trivial distinction or objection
quiescence being quiet, still, or at rest
quixotic chivalrous or romantic to a ridiculous degree
quotidian of an everyday character; ordinary
raconteur a person skilled in telling a story
ramify to divide into branches or subdivisions
rapacious seize by force
raucous harsh
reactionary pertaining to, of the nature of favoring a reaction
rebuff an unexpected rejection of advances or approaches
recalcitrant marked by stubborn resistance
recant to withdraw formally one's belief
reciprocity equal mutual rights and benefits granted and enjoyed
recluse one who lives in retirement or seclusion
recondite incomprehensible to one of ordinary understanding
recrudescent becoming raw or sore again
recuperate to recover
redoubtable formidable
redress to set right
refractory not amenable to control
regale to give unusual pleasure
regicide the killing of a king
reiterate to say or do again
relapse to suffer a return of a disease after partial recovery
remonstrate to present a verbal or written protest to those who have power to right or prevent a wrong
renovate to restore after deterioration, such as a building
repast a meal
repel to force or keep back in a manner
repine to indulge in fault finding
reprobate one abandoned to depravity and sin
repudiate to refuse to have anything to do with
repulsive grossly offensive
requisite necessary
requite to repay either good or evil, as to another person
rescind to make void
resilience the power of springing back to a former position
resonance able to reinforce sound by sympathetic vibrations
respite interval of rest
restive resisting control
retinue the group of people who accompany an important person during travels
revere to regard with worshipful veneration
reverent humble
ribald indulging in obscenity
risible capable of exciting laughter
rotund round from fullness
ruffian a lawless or recklessly brutal fellow
ruminate to chew over again
sagacious able to discern and distinguish with wise perception
salient standing out prominently
salubrious healthful
salutary beneficial
sanction to approve authoritatively
sanguine cheerfully confident
sardonic scornfully sarcastic
satiate to satisfy fully the appetite of
satyr a very lascivious person
savor to perceive by taste or smell
scabbard the sheath of a sword
scintilla the faintest ray
scribble hasty, careless writing
sedulous persevering in effort or endeavor
sequence the order in which a number or persons, things, or events follow one another in space or time
severance separation
shrewd characterized by skill at understanding and profiting by circumstances
sinecure any position having emoluments with few or no duties
sinuous curving in and out
skiff usually, a a small light boat propelled by oars
sluggard a person habitually lazy or idle
solace comfort in grief, trouble, or calamity
solvent having sufficient funds to play all debts
somniferous tending to produce sleep
somnolent sleepy
sonorous resonant
sophistry reasoning sound in appearance only, especially when designedly deceptive
soporific causing sleep
sordid filthy, morally degraded
specious plausible
spurious not genuine
squalid having a dirty, mean, poverty-stricken appearance
stanch to stop the flowing of
stigma a mark of infamy or token of disgrace
stingy unwilling to spend money
stolid expressing no power of feeling or perceiving
submerge to place or plunge under water
subterfuge evasion
succinct concise
sumptuous rich and costly
supercilious exhibiting haughty and careless contempt
superfluous being more than is needed
supernumerary superfluous
supersede to displace
supine lying on the back
supplicate to beg
suppress to prevent from being disclosed or punished
surcharge an additional amount charged
surfeit to feed to fullness
susceptibility a specific capability of feeling or emotion
sybarite a luxurious person
sycophant a servile flatterer
synopsis a syllabus or summary
taciturn disinclined to conversation
taut stretched tightly
temerity foolhardy disregard of danger
terse pithy
timorous lacking courage
torpid dull
torrid excessively hot
tortuous abounding in irregular bend or turns
tractable easily led or controlled
transgress to break the law
transient one who or that which is only of temporary existence
transitory existing for a short time only
travail hard labor
travesty a grotesque imitation
trenchant cutting deeply and quickly
trepidation nervous feeling
trite made common by frequent repetition
truculence ferocity
truculent spirit of a savage
turbid turmoil
turgid swollen
turpitude depravity
tutelage the act of training
tyro slightly skilled with any profession
ubiquitous being present everywhere
ulterior existing beyond what is obvious
umbrage a sense of injury
unctuous oily
undermine sabotage
undulate to move like a wave or in waves
untoward causing annoyance or hindrance
upbraid to reproach as deserving blame
vagary a sudden desire or action
vainglory excessive vanity
valorous courageous
vapid having lost sparkling quality and flavor
variegated having marks or patches of different colors
vehement very eager or urgent
venal mercenary, corrupt
veneer outside show or elegance
venial that may be pardoned or forgiven
veracious habitually disposed to speak the truth
vercity truthfulness
verbiage use of many words without necessity
verbose wordy
verdant green with vegetation
veritable real; true; genuine
vestige a visible trace or mark of something absent
vicissitude a change, especially a complete change as in fortune
vigilance alert and intent mental watchfulness in guarding against danger
vigilant being alert to insure safety
virago loud talkative women
virtu rare, curious quality
visage the face, countenance, or look of a person
vitiate to contaminate
vituperate to overwhelm with wordy abuse
vivify to endue with life
vociferous making a loud outcry
volatile changeable
voluble having great fluency in speaking
wean to transfer the young from dependence on mother's milk to another form of nourishment
whimsical capricious
winsome attractive
zeitgeist the intellectual and moral tendencies that characterize any age or epoch
Created by: ktrefz on 2011-10-26



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