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More NIC Vocab

More vocab for NIC Written

QuestionAnswer
ASLTA American Sign Language Teachers Association. Objectives are to provide a closer relationship between teachers of ASL and Deaf Studies and other organizations having complimentary interests.
ASL Grammar Includes syntax, referential space and time, mouth morphemes, sign articulation.
Backchannel Message - recipient behaviors, such as "uh-huh", head nod, quizzical look or frown.
Bilateral Interpreting Interpreting both Voice-to-Sign and Sign-to-Voice. AKA Liason Interpreting.
Bimodal Simultaneously two ways.
Open Captioning Captioning is part of (embedded in) the original film or transmission, can't turn it off.
Closed Captioning Captioning is added by additional process, can turn it off or on.
Chunking To break lengthy dialogue into manageable concept-related pieces.
Classifiers Used in context to represent something belonging to a semantic class (ex: vehical, person, animal).
CODA Child of a Deaf Adult. Raised by D/deaf parents.
Code Systematic representation of a language (ex: Morse Code). A code is not a language, it is the representation of a language by using signals or other symbols, letters, words, etc.
Code of Professional Conduct (CPC) RID's Code of Ethics and behaviors for Interpreters.
Compression Strategically and consciously "repackaging" or omitting info that is redundant or not relevant in the context of the target language culture, while retaining the intended meaning.
Consumer User of interpreting services, both hearing and deaf.
Cued Speech Manual coding/representation of language phonemes.
deaf Having a hearing deficit; partically or completely without the sense of hearing. Some people say deaf describes a medical fact; some say it describes a linguistic minority group.
Deaf Upper-case D is a cultural, community, or linguistic affiliation or identity. Big-D is another way to say deaf with a capital D.
Deaf Culture Language, art, icons, history, customes, and conventions and affinities of the Deaf Community.
Deaf-blind Deaf and Blind
Deaf plus Person who is deaf and has, for example, blindness, autism, or cerebral palsy.
Equal access Available equally to hearing and deaf persons.
Expansion Strategically and consciously "repackaging" or enhancing discourse feature of a low-context sourse message to make it linguistically and culturally relevant of meaningful in the target language while maintaning the intended meaning.
Gestuno International Sign Language.
Gesture Irregular, imprecise, spontaneous movement that accompanies communication.
Gloss Quick or basic translation probably lacking completeness.
Handshape The way the hand and fingers are configured for sign formulation (one of the five parameters of a sign).
High Context Generous detail and related information.
HLAA Hearing Loss Association of America. Formally SHHH is a non-profit organization offering support "for consumers by consumers".
Home Signs Non-standard signs or gestures, idosyncratic, developed by and used among one's family members within typically the same household; home signs vary from family to family.
Lexical Borrowing Originally from another language buy adapted and accepted for standard signing use. AKA Loan Sign.
LOVE Linguisics of Visual English. Transcribed by using a grammatical notation system developed by William C. Stokoe, Jr.
Low-Context Succinctly addresses the matter at hand, offering limited or no detail or background information.
Mainstream When a deaf attended a public school. Generally means integrated into prevailing group or society.
Message accuracy Correctness and completeness of an interpreted message.
Message equivalence Accuracy, plus tone, intent, significant environmental factors, etc.
Mode Method, manner or way of behaving or doing something.
Oralism Use and teaching of speech and speech-reading (rather than signed communication).
Pidgin Two different languages blended (elements of both are present).
Prosody Study of metrical structure of verse; a system of verse that includes syntax, lexical choices, and other linguistic elements particular to a language or language system.
Qualified Interpreter (ADA) "An interpreter who is able to interpret effectively, accurately and impartially both receptively and expressively, using any necessary specialized vocabulary".
Rhetorical Questions A prosodic element of both English and ASL; however, used differently in each language. Generally, a question not requiring an answer from the other person because it will be answered by the speaker.
SEE1 See Essential English. Coding system in which intialized signs are used heavily as are English grammatical markers (-ing, -ed, -ment, etc). Conceptually accurate signing is not emphasized (ex: BUTTERFLY is signed BUTTER and FLY).
SEE2 Sign Exact English. A coding system in which intialized signs are used heavily and uses conceptually accurate signs for English compound words.
Sign Negotiation (Neologism or Protologism) Interpreter and consumer agree to temporaily use a "sign" coined ad hoc, for context-specific use.
Signing space Signs are produced within roughly a two-foot square space in front of the signer.
Sight Interpretation "On sight" interpretation of written source text - in real-time as seen for the first time by the interpreter.
SPP Standard Practice Papers. Various papers published by RID that offer practice standards related to the performance and use of sign languge interpretation pracitioners.
Tactile Interpeting Interpreting, via touch, from or into a spoken or signed language.
Team Interpreting Interpreters working together during an interpreting assignment.
Text Discourse, message, utterance, what is being signed, spoken or written.
Utterance Something being expressed, a statement.
Created by: Swtstems on 2009-09-06



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