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PRAXIS II - 353 SPED

Core Content Knowledge - Definitions and Classifications of Exceptionalities

QuestionAnswer
12 disability categories Autism, Deaf-Blind, Emotional Disturbance/Behavioral D/O, Hearing Impaired, Mental Retardation, Multiple Disabilities, Orthopedic Impaired, Other Health Impaired, Specific LD, Speech/Language Impaired, Traumatic Brain Injury, Visual Impaired
Syndrome related to neurological function that is evidenced by deficits in social interactions, communications, and patterns of behavior; associated with PDD or ASD; various D/O in this group are differentiated by age of onset and severity of symptoms. Autism
Includes both auditory and visual disabilities that are the cause of severe communication deficits and other learning problems; individual may need a combination of supplementary assistance. Emotional Disturbance/Behavioral D/O
A condition that may adversely affect the educational performance of students and includes deafness and hard of hearing. Hearing Impaired
An individual with significant subaverage general intellectual functioning concurrently with deficits in ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR manifesting during the developmental period and adversely affecting performance. Mental Retardation
A physical impairment, caused by such conditions as genetic anomalies, diseases, and trauma, which adversely affect a student's educational performance. Orthopedic Impairment
Related to diseases or chronic health conditions a student with limited strength, vitality, or alertness that adversely affects educational performance. Other Health Impairment
A D/O in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language and may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do math. Specific Learning Disability
Communication D/O that affect the educational performance in an adverse manner, including stuttering, impaired articulation, language impairments, or voice impairments. Speech/Language Impairment
An injury to the brain caused by external physical force resulting in functional disability or psychosocial impairments that adversely affects educational performance and doesn't include brain injuries that are congenital, generative, or birth induced. Traumatic Brain Injury
Includes any impairment of vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a student's educational performance. Visual Impairment
Icludes students with high performance or abilities in general intellect, specific academic aptitude, creative or productive thinking, leadership, performing arts, and psychomotor abilities. Gifted or Talented
Created by: puanani