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Prax 0014 anthro

Praxis II test 0014 social studies - anthro, soc, psych

QuestionAnswer
physical anthropology the study of physical characteristics and differences between groups of people
cultural anthropology the study and comparison of ancient and modern cultures and groups of people which include: food getting structures, economic systems, social stratification, patterns in residence, political organizations, religions and arts
social stratification the distribution of rights and obligations, power and authority and goods and services within society. THere are five main types: family, norms, marriage, residence, authority
three patterns of residence neo-local (couples choose a place of residence separate from either set of parents (most common in the West), Matrilocal (uxorilocal) - lives near family of wife, Patrilocal (virilocal) - live hear family of husband
two types of authority patriarchal - male has the power and authority demonstrated in the personal as well as governmental law (Japan, Iran, Thailand); matriarchal - female has power and authority often times being the oldest maternal figure
three types of society based on authority egalitarian, rank, class
egalitarian no one social group has greater access to economic resources, power, or prominence than another. Economic differences hold no bearing upon prominence within the society. For example a cook and a doctor have equal access to societal possessions
rank economic resources and power are equal to all social groups, but prominence is unequally distributed. Often a ruler or chief maintain the highest prominence and status
class there is unequal distribution in economic resources, power and prominence among social groups. it can be a closed system (no ability to move into a higher rank) or an open system (the ability to move to a higher rank)
socialization the acceptance and practice of behavior patterns of a culture (following the norms)
acculturation the modification and adaptation of an individual or group as a result of contact or interaction with another culture. it can also be the manner by which an individual learns a culture
stereotypes unsophisticated and strongly held beliefs about the characteristics of a group of people
three developmental theorists Piaget, Freud, Erikson
Piaget sensori-motor (0-2), pre-operational (2-7), concrete operational (7-11), formal operations (12+)
Freud oral (infancy), anal (1-3), phallic (3-5), latency (6-puberty), genital (after puberty)
Erikson trust v mistrust(0-1.5),autonomy v self-doubt(1.5-3),initiative v guild(3-6), competence v inferiority(6-puberty), identity v role confusion(adole),intimacy v isolation(early adult),generativity v stagnation(mid adult), ego-integrity v despair(late adult)
Created by: allie424 on 2009-11-03



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