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PSSA Reading - Gr. 5

PSSA Reading Vocabulary - Grade 5

QuestionAnswer
one or more letters attached to a word to create a different form of the word affix
a group of neighboring words that begin with the same sound alliteration
drawing a conclusion after conducting a thorough evaluation analysis
one word that is the opposite of another word antonym
a declaration, statement, allegation or claim assertion
the author’s reason for writing author’s purpose
a judgment based on a personal point of view bias
the story of a person's life written by another person biography
an action or event that leads to an effect cause
something that happens as a result of an action, event, or cause effect
the moment in a story after tension builds and the conflict is most intense (the turning point) climax
to tell how two or more things are alike compare
the ending of a story conclusion
a struggle between characters, forces, or emotions (a problem) conflict
vocabulary words that are important to a particular subject area content specific words
information from text that reveals the meaning of an unfamiliar word context clues
to tell how two or more things are different contrast
conversation between people in a story dialogue
to make a distinction between two or more things differentiate
a newspaper or magazine article that gives the opinions of the editors editorial
a statement that stretches the truth exaggeration
a sentence that explains something explanatory sentence
a story that is not true; it is created in the author’s imagination fiction
language that cannot be taken literally because it was written to create a special feeling figurative language
point of view in which the main character "tells" the story in his or her own words first person
the center of interest or attention focus
a broad statement about a topic or person generalization
a type or category of literature genre
a word or phrase in bold print that show the text’s topic or theme heading
visual aids within a text graphics
a graphic way of presenting data in the text charts
a conclusion based on facts, reasoning, and “reading between the lines” inference
a nonfiction text, written to share factual information informational text
tools used by the author to make the story interesting literary devices
important techniques used in literature literary elements
this type of text includes literary elements and devices normally found in fiction, but it tells about real people, places, or events literary nonfiction
the author’s most important point, usually found in the topic sentence main idea
a figure of speech that compares 2 unlike things without using the words “like” or “as” metaphor
words that can have several meanings, depending upon how they are used in a sentence multiple meaning words
type of text that tells a story (may be fiction or nonfiction) narrative
factual writing that explains, informs, or describes (rather than entertains) nonfiction
to restate something you read or hear by putting it in your own words paraphrase
giving human qualities, feelings, or actions to something that is not human personification
the letter/sound relationships used by beginning readers phonics
a story’s sequence of events plot
writing that provides an emotional experience by using figurative language, imagery, and rhythm poetry
the position from which a story is told point of view
a group of letters placed at the beginning of a word to change its meaning prefix
the part of a story that comes after the climax, when the conflict is resolved resolution
similar final sounds in words, usually at the end of lines in a poem rhyme
the part of a story where the plot becomes complicated, leading up to the climax rising action
a story’s time and place setting
comparing two unlike things by using the words “like” or “as” simile
organized knowledge about a particular topic subject area
a group of letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning suffix
to retell the most important parts of a text in a much shorter space, and in your own words summarize
how an author writes, using language to interest the reader in his or her purpose style
one word that has the same meaning as another word synonym
words that students are expected to know target words
a major idea that is the topic of discussion or writing theme
point of view in which the author tells a story about the characters, like a narrator third person
Created by: jroeder on 2008-10-30



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