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HComm final

4 aspects of bilateral argument 4 aspects of bilateral argument 1. respect for free will of arguers 2. be willing to put yourself in risk 3. salience- 2 sides to the argument 4. tension of what you were, and what you might become
3rd assumption of bilateral argument 3. horizon of experience, immediate experience -your opinions about something that is exclusive to you
4th assumption of bilateral argument 4. a "being," its relationship to being an arguer or addressee of an argument -some1 who wants to live in a single horizon of experience
5th assumption of bilateral argument 5. the "wedge" of argumentation as an arguer and addressee 1. avoid 2. make some1 understand you 3. concieve to some1 else's argument
1st assumption of bilateral argument 1. conception of argumentation -consequence of arguments
2nd assumption of bilateral argument 2. identity & argumentation -claim - a little less than complete control over another
3rd consequences for arguers and addressees 1. develop self and become more human. transcending to your horizon of experience 2. develop openness and tolerance 3. allows you to live in reality, and not just YOUR reality
1st assumption of muted group theory Women perceive the world differently than men because of women's and men's different experiences and activities rooted in the division of labor
2nd assumption of muted group theory Because of their political dominance, men's system of perception is dominant, impeding the free expression of women's alternative models of the world
3rd assumption of muted group theory in order to participate in society, women must transform their own models in terms of the received male system of expression
muted group theory: second shift the phenomenon of working women putting in eight hour on the job and another day's work at home
Muted group theory at a glance muted groups can form due to one's group that appears to be less articulate than those groups who speak the dominant group's language
4 assumptions of cognitive dissonance theory 1. we desire consistency in cognition -things need to make sense 2. dissonance is connected to psychological inconsistencies 3. drives people to do things -try to change inconsistency 4. motivates to relieve conscious and dissonance
3 factors of cognitive dissonance 1. how important is the issue to you 2. dissonance ratio 3. what explanation is there to help cope and make sense of all of it
3 ways to cope with dissonance 1. change ratio 2. don't make it a central issue 3. distort the information
4 ways of coping with dissonance by selective perception 1. selective exposure -not already present and search out answers 2. selective attention -looking @ consistant info and ignore other things 3. selective interpretation -try to interprete ambiguity so it aligns with your beliefs 4. selective retention -retains info to make more sense of your beliefs
3 assumptions about Relational Dialects Theory relationships are not linear but oscillatory. Consistently changing no progress, and replacement isn't better, just different communication is central to disagreements
Basic relational dialectics: Autonomy and connection: need space but want people in that space novelty and predictability: want stability but want change contextual dialectics: how much PDA you want shown
Responses to Relational Dialectics theory 1. cynical alteration: choose one of the opposing tensions at different times 2. segmentation: isolate separate areas of the relationship-segment tensions 3. Selection (and ignoring): choose to focus on one but might expand in another need 4. Integration: 3 options. A. compromise, B. Transform, C. Eliminate certain issues
2 goals of Black's second persona 1. provide a method for rhetorical judgment of a discourse. (How do you judge rhetoric?) 2. Provide a new method of doing criticism
Black's second persona: Difficulty and importance of judgements 1. Closes discussion 2. criticism requires it 3. what are you judging? 4. effect/tensions of what you judge
Black's second persona: Discourse and character states: 1. personality is revealed based on speech 2. style, form, and substance influence your audience
Bitzer: key idea all language has an audience
Bitzer: Constituents of a rhetorical situation Exigence: imperfection marked by urgency, that can be changed by talking Audience: person(s) who function as mediators of change Constraints: persons, events, objects, and relationsh that have the power to constrain decision and action needed to modify the exigence Fitting response: continuation and alteration by text
Origins of Rhetoric: Assumptions about Sophists vs. Plato Sophists: no absolute truth Plato: there is an absolute truth. Truth is found through dialect
Rhetorical theories and instruction: Sophists vs. Plato Sophists: no given rules for public speaking. Have to learn how to talk and persuade Plato: must know types of languages. Must know soul. must know absolute truth of a person
Aristotle on Rhetoric: Definition the capacity to see how much persuasion you can get out of someone
Aristotle: types of rhetoric Forensic: judge from past experiences Epideictic: Present. Mold virtue and tries to enhance beliefs of virtues Deliberative: what you should do in the future. cost/benefit analysis
Aristotle: Three modes of persuasion 1. ethos: are you a leader? 2. pathos: emotional persuasion & reasoning 3. logos: arguments
Burke: 3 reasons for drama 1. Scope: everything is rhetoric 2. genres structure reality: life has genres 3. audience: always has and will influence audience
Burke: 3 assumptions of dramatism 1. Humans use symbols 2. language determines thought 3. humans have choice and we show people our reality by using rhetoric
Burke: Pentad Act, Scene, Agent. KNOW THESE NIGGA!!!!!!!!
Created by: 1260399927