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Med Term Hosa

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Question
Answer
a-   no not without  
ab-   away from  
abdomin/o   abdomen  
-able, ible   capable of, able to  
-ac, -al, -an, -ar, -ary   pertaining to  
acr/o   toward  
ad-   toward  
aden/o   gland  
adenoid/o   adenoids  
adip/o   fat  
adren/o   adrenal glands  
aer/o   air  
agora-   open marketplace  
alb/o, albin/o   white  
alumin/o   albumin  
algesi/o   sensitivity to pain  
-algia   pain  
alveol/o   alveolus  
amni/o   amnion  
amyl/o   starch  
an-   no, not, without  
an/o   anus  
andr/o   male, masculine  
angi/o   vessel  
ankyl/o   stiff  
ante-   before  
anter/o   anterior, toward the front  
anti-   against  
aort/o   aorta  
append/o, appendic/o   appendix  
arter/o, arteri/o   artery  
arteriol/o   articulation, joint  
arthr/o   joint  
-ase   enzyme  
-asthenia   weakness  
atel/o   imperfect  
ather/o   yellow fatty plaque  
-ation   action or process  
audi/o   hearing  
aut/o   self  
axill/o   axilla  
bacter/i, bacteri/o   bacteria  
bi-   two  
bil/i   bile  
bi/o   life or living  
blast/o   embryonic form  
blephar/o   eyelid  
brady-   slow  
bronch/o   bronchi  
bronchiol/o   bronchiole  
burs/o   bursa  
calcane/o   calcaneus  
calc/i   calcium  
cancer/o carcin/o   cancer  
cardi/o   heart  
carp/o   carpus(wrist)  
caud/o   tail, posterior in direction  
cec/o   cecum  
-cele   hernia  
cellul/o   little cell or compartment  
-centesis   surgical puncture  
centi-   one hundred or one hundredth  
cephal/o   head, toward the head  
cerebell/o   cerebellum  
cerebr/o   brain, cerebrum  
cervic/o   neck, uterine cervix  
cheil/o   lips  
chem/o   chemical  
chir/o   hand  
chlor/o   green  
chol/o   bile  
cholecyst/o   gallbladder  
choldedoch/o   common bile duct  
chondr/o   cartilage  
-cidal   killing  
circum-   around  
cirrh/o   orange-yellow  
clavicul/o   clavicle (collarbone)  
coccyg/o   coccyx  
col/o, colon/o   colon or large intestine  
colp/o   vagina  
coni/o   dust  
contra-   against  
corpor/o   body  
cost/o   rib  
crani/o   cranium, skull  
crin/o, -crine   secrete  
cry/o   cold  
crypt/o   hidden  
cutane/o   skin  
cyan/o   blue  
cyst/o   cyst, bladder, sac  
cyt/o, -cyte   cell  
dacry/o   tear, tearing, crying  
dactyl/o   digit (toe finger or both)  
de-   down, from, removing, reversing  
dendr/o   tree  
dent/i,dent/o   teeth  
derm/a, dermat/o, derm/o, -derm   skin  
di-   two  
dia-   through  
diplo-   double  
dips/o   thirst  
dist/o   far or distant from the origin or point of attachment  
dors/o   directed toward, back side  
duoden/o   duodenum  
dur/o   dura meter  
-dynia   pain  
dys-   "bad" difficult  
-eal   pertaining to  
ech/o   sound  
-ectasia, -ectasis   dilation, stretching  
ecto-   out, without, away from  
-ectomy   excision  
-edema   swelling  
electr/o   electricity  
embo/o   embolus  
-emesis   vomiting  
-emia   vomiting  
-emia   blood  
en-   inside  
encephal/o   brain  
end-, endo-   inside  
enter/o   intestines, small intestine  
epi-   above or upon  
epiglott/o   epiglottis  
-er   one who  
erythemat/o   erythema redness  
eryth/o   red  
-esis   action, process, or result of esophagus  
-esthesia   sensation, perception  
esthesi/o   feeling  
eu-   normal, good  
-eum, -ium   membrane  
ex-, exo-   out, without, away from  
extra-   outside  
faci/o   face  
femor/o   femur(thigh bone)  
fet/o   fetus  
fibr/o   fiber  
fibul/o   fibula  
fluor/o   emitting or reflecting light  
follicul/o   follicle  
gastr/o   stomach  
gen/o, -gen   beginning, origin  
-genesis   producing, forming  
-genic   produced by or in  
genit/o   genitals  
ger/a, ger/o, geront/o   aged, elderly  
gigant/o   giant  
gingiv/o   gums  
gli/o   neuroglia or sticky substance  
glomerul/o   glomerus  
gloss/o   tongue  
glyc/o, glycos/o   sugar  
gon/o   gonad  
gram/o   to record  
-gram   a record  
-graph   recording instrument  
-graphy   process of recording  
gynec/o   female  
hem/a, hem/o, hemat/o   blood  
hemi-   half, partly  
hepat/o   liver  
herni/o   hernia  
hidr/o   perspiration  
hist/o   tissue  
home/o   sameness  
humer/o   humerus  
hydr/o   water  
hyper-   excessive, more than normal  
hypo-   beneath or below normal  
hypophys/o   pituitary  
hyster/o   uterus  
-ia, -iasis   condition  
-iac   one who suffers  
-iatrician   practitioner  
-iatrics, -iatric,-iatry   medicine  
-ic   pertaining to  
ichthy/o   fish  
ile/o   ileum  
ili/o   ilium  
immun/o   immune  
in-   not, inside, in  
infer/o   lowermost, below  
infra-   below  
insulin/o   insulin  
inter-   between  
intestin/o   intestines  
intra-   within  
iod/o   iodine  
ischi/o   ischium  
-ism   condition or theory  
-ist   one who  
-itis   inflammation  
-ium   membrane  
-ive   pertaining to  
jejun/o   jejunum  
kerat/o   hard or horny tissue, cornea  
kinesi/o, -kinesia, -kinesis   movement, motion  
lacrim/o   tear, tearing, crying  
lact/o   milk  
lapar/o   abdominal wall  
laryng/o   larynx  
later/o   toward the side farther from the midline of the body or a structure  
leps/o, -lepsy   seizure  
leuc/o, leuk/o   white  
-lexia   words, phrases  
lingu/o   tongue  
lip/o   fat, lipid  
lith/o   stone,calculus  
lob/o   lobe  
log/o   knowledge, words  
-logic, -logical   pertaining to the science of or study of  
-logist   one who studies, specialist  
-logy   study or science of  
lumb/o   lower back  
lymph/o   lymph, lymphatics  
lymphat/o   lymphatics  
lys/o   destruction, dissolving  
-lysin   that which destroys  
-lysis   dissolving, destruction, freeing  
-lytic   capable of destroying  
macro-   large  
mal-   "bad", poor, abnormal  
malac/o   soft, softening  
-malacia   softening  
mamm/o   breast  
-mania   excessive preoccupation  
medio-   middle or nearer the middle  
megal/o, mega-   enlargement  
-megaly   large, enlarged  
melan/o   black  
men/o   month  
mening/o   meninges  
ment/o   mind, chin  
meso-   middle  
meta-   change or next in series  
metacarp/o   metacarpals  
metatars/o   metatarsals  
-meter   instrument used to measure  
metr/i   uterine tissue  
metr/o   measure, uterine tissue  
-metry   process of measuring  
micro-   small  
mid-   middle  
milli-   one thousand or one thousandth  
mono-   one or single  
muc/o   mucus  
multi-   many  
muscul/o   muscle  
my/o   muscle  
myc/o   fungus  
myel/o   bone marrow  
myx/o   mucus  
narc/o   stupor  
nas/o   nose  
nat/i,    
humer/o   humerus  
hydr/o   water  
hyper-   excessive, more than normal  
hypo-   beneath or below normal  
hypophys/o   pituitary  
hyster/o   uterus  
-ia, -iasis   condition  
-iac   one who suffers  
-iatrician   practitioner  
-iatrics, -iatric,-iatry   medicine  
-ic   pertaining to  
ichthy/o   fish  
ile/o   ileum  
ili/o   ilium  
immun/o   immune  
in-   not, inside, in  
infer/o   lowermost, below  
infra-   below  
insulin/o   insulin  
inter-   between  
intestin/o   intestines  
intra-   within  
iod/o   iodine  
ischi/o   ischium  
-ism   condition or theory  
-ist   one who  
-itis   inflammation  
-ium   membrane  
-ive   pertaining to  
jejun/o   jejunum  
kerat/o   hard or horny tissue, cornea  
kinesi/o, -kinesia, -kinesis   movement, motion  
lacrim/o   tear, tearing, crying  
lact/o   milk  
lapar/o   abdominal wall  
laryng/o   larynx  
later/o   toward the side farther from the midline of the body or a structure  
leps/o, -lepsy   seizure  
leuc/o, leuk/o   white  
-lexia   words, phrases  
lingu/o   tongue  
lip/o   fat, lipid  
lith/o   stone,calculus  
lob/o   lobe  
log/o   knowledge, words  
-logic, -logical   pertaining to the science of or study of  
-logist   one who studies, specialist  
-logy   study or science of  
lumb/o   lower back  
lymph/o   lymph, lymphatics  
lymphat/o   lymphatics  
lys/o   destruction, dissolving  
-lysin   that which destroys  
-lysis   dissolving, destruction, freeing  
-lytic   capable of destroying  
macro-   large  
mal-   "bad", poor, abnormal  
malac/o   soft, softening  
-malacia   softening  
mamm/o   breast  
-mania   excessive preoccupation  
medio-   middle or nearer the middle  
megal/o, mega-   enlargement  
-megaly   large, enlarged  
melan/o   black  
men/o   month  
mening/o   meninges  
ment/o   mind, chin  
meso-   middle  
meta-   change or next in series  
metacarp/o   metacarpals  
metatars/o   metatarsals  
-meter   instrument used to measure  
metr/i   uterine tissue  
metr/o   measure, uterine tissue  
-metry   process of measuring  
micro-   small  
mid-   middle  
milli-   one thousand or one thousandth  
mono-   one or single  
muc/o   mucus  
multi-   many  
muscul/o   muscle  
my/o   muscle  
myc/o   fungus  
myel/o   bone marrow  
myx/o   mucus  
narc/o   stupor  
nas/o   nose  
nat/i, nat/o   birth  
ne/o   new  
necr/o   dead  
nephr/o   kidney  
nerv/o, nuer/o   nerve  
nulli-   none  
obstret/o   mid wife  
ocul/o   vision  
odont/o   teeth  
-oid   resembling  
-ole   little  
olig/o   few  
-oma   tumor  
omphal/o   umbilicus  
-on   body  
onc/o   tumor  
onych/o   nail  
oophor/o   ovary  
ophthalm/o   eye  
-opia   vision  
optic/o,orchid/o   testes  
-orexia   appetite  
orth/o   straight  
-ose   sugar  
-osis   conditon  
oste/o   bone  
ot/o   ear  
-ous   pertaining to  
ovar/o   ovary  
ox/o   oxygen  
pan-   all  
pancreat/o   pancreas  
par/o   to bear offspring  
para-   near, beside, abnormal  
-para   female who has given birth  
parathyroid/o   parathyroids  
patell/o   patella(kneecap)  
path/o   disease  
-pathy   disease  
ped/o   child/foot  
pelv/i   pelvis  
pen/o   penis  
-penia   deficiency  
-pepsia   digestion  
per-   through or by  
periton/o   peritoneum  
peri-   around  
-pexy   surgical fixation  
phag/o, -phagia, -phagic, -phagy   eating, swallowing, ingesting  
phalang/o   phalanges(bones of fingers and toes)  
pharmac/o, pharmaceut/i   drugs, medicine  
pharyng/o   pharynx  
phas/o, -phasia   speech  
phleb/o   vein  
-phobia   abnormal fear  
phon/o   voice  
phot/o   light  
phren/o   mind, diaphragm  
physi/o   nature  
-physis   growth  
pil/o   hair  
pituitar/o   pituitary  
-plasia   development  
plast/o   repair  
-plasty   surgical repair  
pleg/o, -plegia   paralysis  
pleur/o   pleura  
-poesis   production  
-poietin   substance that causes production  
poly-   many  
post-   after, behind  
poster/o   posterior, toward the back  
-pnea   breathing  
pneum/o   lung, air  
pneumon/o   lung  
pre-   before  
primi-   first  
pro-   before  
proct/o   anus, rectum  
prostat/o   prostate  
prote/o, protein/o   protein  
proxim/o   nearer the origin of the point or attachment  
psych/o   mind  
-ptosis   sagging, prolapse  
pub/o   pubis  
pulm/o, pulmon/o   lung  
py/o   pus  
pyel/o   renal pelvis  
pyr/o   fire  
quad-, quadri-   four  
rach/i, rachi/o   spine  
radi/o   radius, radiant energy  
rect/o   rectum  
ren/o   kidney  
retin/o   retina  
retro-   behind, backward  
rheumat/o   rheumatism  
rhin/o   nose  
roentgen/o   x-ray  
-rrhage   excessive bleeding  
-rrhagia   hemorrhage  
-rrhaphy   suture  
-rrhea   flow, discharge  
-rrhexis   rupture  
sacr/o   sacrum  
salping/o   uterine tube  
-sarcoma   tumor arising from connective tissue  
scapul/o   scapula(shoulder blade)  
schis/o, schiz/o, schist/o, -schisis   split, cleft  
scler/o, -sclerosis   hard, hardening  
scop/o   to examine, to view  
-scope   instrument used for viewing  
-scopy   process of visually examining  
scrot/o   scrotum  
seb/o   sebum  
semi-   half, partly  
semin/o   semen  
seps/o   infection  
sept/o   infection or septum  
ser/o   serum  
sial/o   saliva, salivary gland  
sigmoid/o   sigmoid colon  
silic/o   silica  
som/a, somat/o   body  
son/o   sound  
-spasm   twitching, cramp  
spermat/o   sperm  
spin/o   spine  
spir/o   spiral, to breathe  
splen/o   spleen  
spondyl/o   vertebra  
-stasis   stopping, controlling  
-static   keeping stationary  
stern/o   sternum(breastbone)  
stomat/o   mouth  
-stomy   formation of an opening  
sub-   under  
super-   excessive or above  
supra-   above or beyond  
super/o   uppermost, or above  
sym-, syn-   joined, together  
tachy-   fast  
tars/o   tarsals(ankle bones)  
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o   tendon  
test/o, testicul/o   testicle, testes  
tetra-   four  
therapeut/o, therapy-   treatment  
therm/o   heat  
thorac/o   thorax, chest  
thromb/o   thrombus, clot  
thyr/o, thyroid/o   thyroid gland  
tibi/o   tibia  
-tic   pertaining to  
tom/o   to cut  
-tome   instrument used for cutting  
-tomy   incision  
top/o   place, position  
tox/o, toxic/o   poison  
trache/o   trachea  
trans-   across, through  
tri-   three  
trich/o   hair  
-tripsy   surgical crushing  
troph/o, -trophic, -trophy   nutrition  
-tropic   stimulate  
-tropi   that which stimulates  
uln/o   ulna  
ultra-   beyond, excess  
ungu/o   nail  
uni-   one, single  
ur/o   urine, urinary tract  
ureter/o   ureter  
urethr/o   urethra  
-uria   urine, urination  
urin/o   urine or urination  
uter/o   uterus  
vag/o   vagus nerve  
vagin/o   vagina  
vas/o   vessel, ductus deferens  
vascul/o   vessel  
ven/o   vein  
ventr/o   ventral, belly side  
venul/o   venule  
vertebr/o   vertebra  
vesic/o   bladder or vesicle  
viscer/o   viscera  
vulv/o   vulva  
xanth/o   yellow  
xer/o   dry  
-y   state, condition  


   


 
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