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Med Term Hosa

QuestionAnswer
a- no not without
ab- away from
abdomin/o abdomen
-able, ible capable of, able to
-ac, -al, -an, -ar, -ary pertaining to
acr/o toward
ad- toward
aden/o gland
adenoid/o adenoids
adip/o fat
adren/o adrenal glands
aer/o air
agora- open marketplace
alb/o, albin/o white
alumin/o albumin
algesi/o sensitivity to pain
-algia pain
alveol/o alveolus
amni/o amnion
amyl/o starch
an- no, not, without
an/o anus
andr/o male, masculine
angi/o vessel
ankyl/o stiff
ante- before
anter/o anterior, toward the front
anti- against
aort/o aorta
append/o, appendic/o appendix
arter/o, arteri/o artery
arteriol/o articulation, joint
arthr/o joint
-ase enzyme
-asthenia weakness
atel/o imperfect
ather/o yellow fatty plaque
-ation action or process
audi/o hearing
aut/o self
axill/o axilla
bacter/i, bacteri/o bacteria
bi- two
bil/i bile
bi/o life or living
blast/o embryonic form
blephar/o eyelid
brady- slow
bronch/o bronchi
bronchiol/o bronchiole
burs/o bursa
calcane/o calcaneus
calc/i calcium
cancer/o carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
carp/o carpus(wrist)
caud/o tail, posterior in direction
cec/o cecum
-cele hernia
cellul/o little cell or compartment
-centesis surgical puncture
centi- one hundred or one hundredth
cephal/o head, toward the head
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o brain, cerebrum
cervic/o neck, uterine cervix
cheil/o lips
chem/o chemical
chir/o hand
chlor/o green
chol/o bile
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choldedoch/o common bile duct
chondr/o cartilage
-cidal killing
circum- around
cirrh/o orange-yellow
clavicul/o clavicle (collarbone)
coccyg/o coccyx
col/o, colon/o colon or large intestine
colp/o vagina
coni/o dust
contra- against
corpor/o body
cost/o rib
crani/o cranium, skull
crin/o, -crine secrete
cry/o cold
crypt/o hidden
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
cyst/o cyst, bladder, sac
cyt/o, -cyte cell
dacry/o tear, tearing, crying
dactyl/o digit (toe finger or both)
de- down, from, removing, reversing
dendr/o tree
dent/i,dent/o teeth
derm/a, dermat/o, derm/o, -derm skin
di- two
dia- through
diplo- double
dips/o thirst
dist/o far or distant from the origin or point of attachment
dors/o directed toward, back side
duoden/o duodenum
dur/o dura meter
-dynia pain
dys- "bad" difficult
-eal pertaining to
ech/o sound
-ectasia, -ectasis dilation, stretching
ecto- out, without, away from
-ectomy excision
-edema swelling
electr/o electricity
embo/o embolus
-emesis vomiting
-emia vomiting
-emia blood
en- inside
encephal/o brain
end-, endo- inside
enter/o intestines, small intestine
epi- above or upon
epiglott/o epiglottis
-er one who
erythemat/o erythema redness
eryth/o red
-esis action, process, or result of esophagus
-esthesia sensation, perception
esthesi/o feeling
eu- normal, good
-eum, -ium membrane
ex-, exo- out, without, away from
extra- outside
faci/o face
femor/o femur(thigh bone)
fet/o fetus
fibr/o fiber
fibul/o fibula
fluor/o emitting or reflecting light
follicul/o follicle
gastr/o stomach
gen/o, -gen beginning, origin
-genesis producing, forming
-genic produced by or in
genit/o genitals
ger/a, ger/o, geront/o aged, elderly
gigant/o giant
gingiv/o gums
gli/o neuroglia or sticky substance
glomerul/o glomerus
gloss/o tongue
glyc/o, glycos/o sugar
gon/o gonad
gram/o to record
-gram a record
-graph recording instrument
-graphy process of recording
gynec/o female
hem/a, hem/o, hemat/o blood
hemi- half, partly
hepat/o liver
herni/o hernia
hidr/o perspiration
hist/o tissue
home/o sameness
humer/o humerus
hydr/o water
hyper- excessive, more than normal
hypo- beneath or below normal
hypophys/o pituitary
hyster/o uterus
-ia, -iasis condition
-iac one who suffers
-iatrician practitioner
-iatrics, -iatric,-iatry medicine
-ic pertaining to
ichthy/o fish
ile/o ileum
ili/o ilium
immun/o immune
in- not, inside, in
infer/o lowermost, below
infra- below
insulin/o insulin
inter- between
intestin/o intestines
intra- within
iod/o iodine
ischi/o ischium
-ism condition or theory
-ist one who
-itis inflammation
-ium membrane
-ive pertaining to
jejun/o jejunum
kerat/o hard or horny tissue, cornea
kinesi/o, -kinesia, -kinesis movement, motion
lacrim/o tear, tearing, crying
lact/o milk
lapar/o abdominal wall
laryng/o larynx
later/o toward the side farther from the midline of the body or a structure
leps/o, -lepsy seizure
leuc/o, leuk/o white
-lexia words, phrases
lingu/o tongue
lip/o fat, lipid
lith/o stone,calculus
lob/o lobe
log/o knowledge, words
-logic, -logical pertaining to the science of or study of
-logist one who studies, specialist
-logy study or science of
lumb/o lower back
lymph/o lymph, lymphatics
lymphat/o lymphatics
lys/o destruction, dissolving
-lysin that which destroys
-lysis dissolving, destruction, freeing
-lytic capable of destroying
macro- large
mal- "bad", poor, abnormal
malac/o soft, softening
-malacia softening
mamm/o breast
-mania excessive preoccupation
medio- middle or nearer the middle
megal/o, mega- enlargement
-megaly large, enlarged
melan/o black
men/o month
mening/o meninges
ment/o mind, chin
meso- middle
meta- change or next in series
metacarp/o metacarpals
metatars/o metatarsals
-meter instrument used to measure
metr/i uterine tissue
metr/o measure, uterine tissue
-metry process of measuring
micro- small
mid- middle
milli- one thousand or one thousandth
mono- one or single
muc/o mucus
multi- many
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
myc/o fungus
myel/o bone marrow
myx/o mucus
narc/o stupor
nas/o nose
nat/i,
humer/o humerus
hydr/o water
hyper- excessive, more than normal
hypo- beneath or below normal
hypophys/o pituitary
hyster/o uterus
-ia, -iasis condition
-iac one who suffers
-iatrician practitioner
-iatrics, -iatric,-iatry medicine
-ic pertaining to
ichthy/o fish
ile/o ileum
ili/o ilium
immun/o immune
in- not, inside, in
infer/o lowermost, below
infra- below
insulin/o insulin
inter- between
intestin/o intestines
intra- within
iod/o iodine
ischi/o ischium
-ism condition or theory
-ist one who
-itis inflammation
-ium membrane
-ive pertaining to
jejun/o jejunum
kerat/o hard or horny tissue, cornea
kinesi/o, -kinesia, -kinesis movement, motion
lacrim/o tear, tearing, crying
lact/o milk
lapar/o abdominal wall
laryng/o larynx
later/o toward the side farther from the midline of the body or a structure
leps/o, -lepsy seizure
leuc/o, leuk/o white
-lexia words, phrases
lingu/o tongue
lip/o fat, lipid
lith/o stone,calculus
lob/o lobe
log/o knowledge, words
-logic, -logical pertaining to the science of or study of
-logist one who studies, specialist
-logy study or science of
lumb/o lower back
lymph/o lymph, lymphatics
lymphat/o lymphatics
lys/o destruction, dissolving
-lysin that which destroys
-lysis dissolving, destruction, freeing
-lytic capable of destroying
macro- large
mal- "bad", poor, abnormal
malac/o soft, softening
-malacia softening
mamm/o breast
-mania excessive preoccupation
medio- middle or nearer the middle
megal/o, mega- enlargement
-megaly large, enlarged
melan/o black
men/o month
mening/o meninges
ment/o mind, chin
meso- middle
meta- change or next in series
metacarp/o metacarpals
metatars/o metatarsals
-meter instrument used to measure
metr/i uterine tissue
metr/o measure, uterine tissue
-metry process of measuring
micro- small
mid- middle
milli- one thousand or one thousandth
mono- one or single
muc/o mucus
multi- many
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
myc/o fungus
myel/o bone marrow
myx/o mucus
narc/o stupor
nas/o nose
nat/i, nat/o birth
ne/o new
necr/o dead
nephr/o kidney
nerv/o, nuer/o nerve
nulli- none
obstret/o mid wife
ocul/o vision
odont/o teeth
-oid resembling
-ole little
olig/o few
-oma tumor
omphal/o umbilicus
-on body
onc/o tumor
onych/o nail
oophor/o ovary
ophthalm/o eye
-opia vision
optic/o,orchid/o testes
-orexia appetite
orth/o straight
-ose sugar
-osis conditon
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
-ous pertaining to
ovar/o ovary
ox/o oxygen
pan- all
pancreat/o pancreas
par/o to bear offspring
para- near, beside, abnormal
-para female who has given birth
parathyroid/o parathyroids
patell/o patella(kneecap)
path/o disease
-pathy disease
ped/o child/foot
pelv/i pelvis
pen/o penis
-penia deficiency
-pepsia digestion
per- through or by
periton/o peritoneum
peri- around
-pexy surgical fixation
phag/o, -phagia, -phagic, -phagy eating, swallowing, ingesting
phalang/o phalanges(bones of fingers and toes)
pharmac/o, pharmaceut/i drugs, medicine
pharyng/o pharynx
phas/o, -phasia speech
phleb/o vein
-phobia abnormal fear
phon/o voice
phot/o light
phren/o mind, diaphragm
physi/o nature
-physis growth
pil/o hair
pituitar/o pituitary
-plasia development
plast/o repair
-plasty surgical repair
pleg/o, -plegia paralysis
pleur/o pleura
-poesis production
-poietin substance that causes production
poly- many
post- after, behind
poster/o posterior, toward the back
-pnea breathing
pneum/o lung, air
pneumon/o lung
pre- before
primi- first
pro- before
proct/o anus, rectum
prostat/o prostate
prote/o, protein/o protein
proxim/o nearer the origin of the point or attachment
psych/o mind
-ptosis sagging, prolapse
pub/o pubis
pulm/o, pulmon/o lung
py/o pus
pyel/o renal pelvis
pyr/o fire
quad-, quadri- four
rach/i, rachi/o spine
radi/o radius, radiant energy
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
retin/o retina
retro- behind, backward
rheumat/o rheumatism
rhin/o nose
roentgen/o x-ray
-rrhage excessive bleeding
-rrhagia hemorrhage
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea flow, discharge
-rrhexis rupture
sacr/o sacrum
salping/o uterine tube
-sarcoma tumor arising from connective tissue
scapul/o scapula(shoulder blade)
schis/o, schiz/o, schist/o, -schisis split, cleft
scler/o, -sclerosis hard, hardening
scop/o to examine, to view
-scope instrument used for viewing
-scopy process of visually examining
scrot/o scrotum
seb/o sebum
semi- half, partly
semin/o semen
seps/o infection
sept/o infection or septum
ser/o serum
sial/o saliva, salivary gland
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
silic/o silica
som/a, somat/o body
son/o sound
-spasm twitching, cramp
spermat/o sperm
spin/o spine
spir/o spiral, to breathe
splen/o spleen
spondyl/o vertebra
-stasis stopping, controlling
-static keeping stationary
stern/o sternum(breastbone)
stomat/o mouth
-stomy formation of an opening
sub- under
super- excessive or above
supra- above or beyond
super/o uppermost, or above
sym-, syn- joined, together
tachy- fast
tars/o tarsals(ankle bones)
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o tendon
test/o, testicul/o testicle, testes
tetra- four
therapeut/o, therapy- treatment
therm/o heat
thorac/o thorax, chest
thromb/o thrombus, clot
thyr/o, thyroid/o thyroid gland
tibi/o tibia
-tic pertaining to
tom/o to cut
-tome instrument used for cutting
-tomy incision
top/o place, position
tox/o, toxic/o poison
trache/o trachea
trans- across, through
tri- three
trich/o hair
-tripsy surgical crushing
troph/o, -trophic, -trophy nutrition
-tropic stimulate
-tropi that which stimulates
uln/o ulna
ultra- beyond, excess
ungu/o nail
uni- one, single
ur/o urine, urinary tract
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
-uria urine, urination
urin/o urine or urination
uter/o uterus
vag/o vagus nerve
vagin/o vagina
vas/o vessel, ductus deferens
vascul/o vessel
ven/o vein
ventr/o ventral, belly side
venul/o venule
vertebr/o vertebra
vesic/o bladder or vesicle
viscer/o viscera
vulv/o vulva
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dry
-y state, condition
Created by: kamistrating