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Teas Sceience

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

where is the breakdown of fats?   small intestine  
where is the breakdown of carbs?   mouth  
where is the breakdown of protein   stomach  
what is a paradigm shift?   radical change from previous thinking  
adaptation   increase of alleles of certain genes from generation to generation that allows a species to survive and reproduce better  
natural selection   means by which adaptation occurs  
sympathetic nervous system   activates the body's fight-or-flight response  
quantitive data   numbers that can be measured  
biological classification system starts where   at the domain and becomes more specific as it descends to species  
water   has a high specific head and high heat of vaporization meaning that a great deal of energy is required to cause increases in temperature  
hydrocarbons with a double bond   CnH2n also known as alkenes  
hypothesis, or a claim   must be supported by analyzed data  
cardiovascular system's role   to provide the body's cells with oxygen and nutrients. but not primarily responsible for the transport  
after passing through the right ventricle of the heart during a contraction...   blood then travels through the tricuspid valve into pulmonary artery  
respiratory system   responsible for supplying the body with oxygen and removing carbon dioxide  
lining of hollow organs of the digestive system...   such as esophagus, stomach, and intestines, are comprised of smooth muscle tissue, which creates the peristalsis needed to push undigested food through the body  
protons   charge of 1+, mass = 2000 more massive than electrons  
electrons   charge of 1-  
spine   provide protection for spinal cord  
density   the higher the density, slower the travel  
acids   pH values of 1-7( 7 being neutral). so, a substance with a pH of 2 would be a strong acid  
immune cells are produced where   the body's bone marrow  
heart is located where   behind the sternum  
alveoli   structures in the respiratory system in which the exchange of gases occurs  
prokaryotic cell lacks what   a membrane-bound nucleus  
genotype   comprised of its various genes, which are made of DNA  
heterotrophs   mitochondria is the powerhouse of cells.  
what does the mitochondria produce for the cells   ATP  
ER   has ribosomes on surface giving it a rough characteristic  
genes   composed of DNA  
protein   composed of amino acids  
covalent bonds   require sharing of electrons  
ionic bonds   has electrons donated and accepted by atoms to complete the valence structure  
germ cells   only cell capable of passing along mutations of off spring  
DNA codons found in genes encode what   amino acids that make proteins  
what is the cell response cycle   DNA of cells should be fully and correctly duplicated  
what is only found in RNA   Uracil  
what is only found in DNA   thymine  
what is found in both DNA and RNA   guanine and adenine  
what does the mass number equal   the number of proteins and electrons  
heat removal equation   H= -ML  
where does meosis occur   only in germ cells  
where does mitosis occur   all other cells  
what is the number of protons equal to   the atomic number  
equation for saturated hydrocarbons   CnH2n+2  
what does scientific research rely on   modern methods of data collection, display, and analysis  
what does collection involve   precise measuring tools  
what does display involve   3D modeling with computer software  
what does analysis involve   high powered math  
what is a lysosome used for   required for waste processing because it contains the enzyme needed  
digestive system contains what   all organs from mouth to anus  
what do heterotrophs do   release CO2  
what is CO2 used in heterotrophs   used to produce glucose in autotrophs during cellular respiration  
oxygen   by product of glucose production in autotrophs that is used by heterotrophs for ATP production in cellular respiration  
pancreas   component of endocrine system  
food processing   after food passes through the stomach, it goes into the duodenum  
Kenetic Energy equation   KE= 1/2MV^2= Joules  
alleles of genes   form from genetic changes (mutations) which can occur in genes. these mutations modify the gene and produce a different allele  
spindle fibers   grow from the centrosomes during mitosis to aid in chromosome separations  
colon   area for absorption of water  


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