This is a great review of Pharmacology terms that may appear in the EOPA.
Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in
each of the black spaces below before clicking
on it to display the answer.
Helps licensed pharmacists with clerical duties.
Independently owned, a chain, or a franchise.
prepares IV medications, stocks nursing stations, and may deliver medications to clients' rooms.
distribute information to health care workers, traveling to pharmacies, clinics, and hospitals to meet with doctors, nurses, and pharmacists.
Route of administration
the way medication is to be taken - by mouth, ear drops, eye drops, IV, etc.
twice a day
bedtime; hour of sleep
every 4 hours
nothing by mouth
study of drugs that are naturally derived from plants or animals
specific biochemical interaction through which a drug substance produces its pharmacological effect
when a drug combines with a chemical in the body
used to treat allergies
proteins found in cells
proteins in the body that speed up chemical reactions
local side effects
occur before a drug is absorbed into the bloodstream such as irritated stomach, dry throat, diarrhea.
systemic side effects
occur after a drug is absorbed into the blood stream such as allergic reaction
used to kill bacteria that are growing in the body.
uses drugs to kill cells by disrupting an essential process within the cell.
narrowing of blood vessels
class of drugs that regulate blood pressure
decreases the heart rate
dilate the small airways of the bronchioles
decrease the amount of acid secreted into the stomach following a meal
Proton Pump Inhibitors
reduce stomach acid
Onset of action
the time needed before a drug takes effect
metered-dose inhaler, transdermal patch, injections, intravenous medicines
oral routes of administration
tablet, capsule, or liquid
used when a local effect is needed
designed to deliver a constant amount of drug over an extended period of time (24 hours)
injection into the fatty layer just beneath the skin
injection into a muscle
medications are given through the inhalation route of administration for rapid action
a measurement of the needles thickness
the goal of drug treatment is to get the correct plasma concentration
process by which a drug enters the plasma
random movement of molecules from an area where they are concentrated toward areas where they are less concentrated.
where the drug goes after entering the plasma
chemical change that takes place in a drug after it has been absorbed by the body
process that removes a drug from the body
a large initial dose of a drug in the plasma that helps to reach the therapeutic range more quickly
smaller dose given at regular intervals to keep the plasma concentration in the therapeutic range.