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This is a great review of Pharmacology terms that may appear in the EOPA.

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Pharmacy Aide   Helps licensed pharmacists with clerical duties.  
Retail Pharmacy   Independently owned, a chain, or a franchise.  
Hospital Pharmacy   prepares IV medications, stocks nursing stations, and may deliver medications to clients' rooms.  
Pharmaceutical Representatives   distribute information to health care workers, traveling to pharmacies, clinics, and hospitals to meet with doctors, nurses, and pharmacists.  
Route of administration   the way medication is to be taken - by mouth, ear drops, eye drops, IV, etc.  
a.c.   before meals  
ad lib.   as desired  
BID   twice a day  
h.s.   bedtime; hour of sleep  
q.d.   every day  
q.h.   every hour  
q.i.d.   every 4 hours  
stat   immediately  
npo   nothing by mouth  
Pharmacognosy   study of drugs that are naturally derived from plants or animals  
MOA   specific biochemical interaction through which a drug substance produces its pharmacological effect  
binding   when a drug combines with a chemical in the body  
antihistamines   used to treat allergies  
receptors   proteins found in cells  
enzymes   proteins in the body that speed up chemical reactions  
local side effects   occur before a drug is absorbed into the bloodstream such as irritated stomach, dry throat, diarrhea.  
systemic side effects   occur after a drug is absorbed into the blood stream such as allergic reaction  
antibiotics   used to kill bacteria that are growing in the body.  
chemotherapy   uses drugs to kill cells by disrupting an essential process within the cell.  
vasoconstriction   narrowing of blood vessels  
ACE inhibitors   class of drugs that regulate blood pressure  
Beta-1 Blockers   decreases the heart rate  
Beta-2 Agonists   dilate the small airways of the bronchioles  
H2Antagonists   decrease the amount of acid secreted into the stomach following a meal  
Proton Pump Inhibitors   reduce stomach acid  
Narcotic analgesics   reduce pain  
Onset of action   the time needed before a drug takes effect  
parenteral routes   metered-dose inhaler, transdermal patch, injections, intravenous medicines  
oral routes of administration   tablet, capsule, or liquid  
injections   used when a local effect is needed  
transdermal patch   designed to deliver a constant amount of drug over an extended period of time (24 hours)  
subcutaneous   injection into the fatty layer just beneath the skin  
intramuscular   injection into a muscle  
metered dose   medications are given through the inhalation route of administration for rapid action  
gauge   a measurement of the needles thickness  
therapeutic range   the goal of drug treatment is to get the correct plasma concentration  
absorption   process by which a drug enters the plasma  
diffusion   random movement of molecules from an area where they are concentrated toward areas where they are less concentrated.  
distribution   where the drug goes after entering the plasma  
transformation   chemical change that takes place in a drug after it has been absorbed by the body  
elimination   process that removes a drug from the body  
loading dose   a large initial dose of a drug in the plasma that helps to reach the therapeutic range more quickly  
maintenance dose   smaller dose given at regular intervals to keep the plasma concentration in the therapeutic range.  
1 mL   1 cc  
1 tsp   5 mL  
kilo   1000  
deci   .10  
centi   .01  


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Created by: martsand