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Pharmacology Review

This is a great review of Pharmacology terms that may appear in the EOPA.

Pharmacy Aide Helps licensed pharmacists with clerical duties.
Retail Pharmacy Independently owned, a chain, or a franchise.
Hospital Pharmacy prepares IV medications, stocks nursing stations, and may deliver medications to clients' rooms.
Pharmaceutical Representatives distribute information to health care workers, traveling to pharmacies, clinics, and hospitals to meet with doctors, nurses, and pharmacists.
Route of administration the way medication is to be taken - by mouth, ear drops, eye drops, IV, etc.
a.c. before meals
ad lib. as desired
BID twice a day
h.s. bedtime; hour of sleep
q.d. every day
q.h. every hour
q.i.d. every 4 hours
stat immediately
npo nothing by mouth
Pharmacognosy study of drugs that are naturally derived from plants or animals
MOA specific biochemical interaction through which a drug substance produces its pharmacological effect
binding when a drug combines with a chemical in the body
antihistamines used to treat allergies
receptors proteins found in cells
enzymes proteins in the body that speed up chemical reactions
local side effects occur before a drug is absorbed into the bloodstream such as irritated stomach, dry throat, diarrhea.
systemic side effects occur after a drug is absorbed into the blood stream such as allergic reaction
antibiotics used to kill bacteria that are growing in the body.
chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cells by disrupting an essential process within the cell.
vasoconstriction narrowing of blood vessels
ACE inhibitors class of drugs that regulate blood pressure
Beta-1 Blockers decreases the heart rate
Beta-2 Agonists dilate the small airways of the bronchioles
H2Antagonists decrease the amount of acid secreted into the stomach following a meal
Proton Pump Inhibitors reduce stomach acid
Narcotic analgesics reduce pain
Onset of action the time needed before a drug takes effect
parenteral routes metered-dose inhaler, transdermal patch, injections, intravenous medicines
oral routes of administration tablet, capsule, or liquid
injections used when a local effect is needed
transdermal patch designed to deliver a constant amount of drug over an extended period of time (24 hours)
subcutaneous injection into the fatty layer just beneath the skin
intramuscular injection into a muscle
metered dose medications are given through the inhalation route of administration for rapid action
gauge a measurement of the needles thickness
therapeutic range the goal of drug treatment is to get the correct plasma concentration
absorption process by which a drug enters the plasma
diffusion random movement of molecules from an area where they are concentrated toward areas where they are less concentrated.
distribution where the drug goes after entering the plasma
transformation chemical change that takes place in a drug after it has been absorbed by the body
elimination process that removes a drug from the body
loading dose a large initial dose of a drug in the plasma that helps to reach the therapeutic range more quickly
maintenance dose smaller dose given at regular intervals to keep the plasma concentration in the therapeutic range.
1 mL 1 cc
1 tsp 5 mL
kilo 1000
deci .10
centi .01
Created by: martsand