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Drugs affecting the CNS, anti epileptic drugs, antiparkinsonian drugs

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Term
Definition
Benzodiazepines   Midazolam (versad), diazepan (valium), temazepan (restoril) are what kinds of drug?  
Versed   Benzo that causes amnesia  
Valium   Benzo that is the most common, best drug for anxiety, stopping seizures, and alcohol withdrawal effects.  
Restoril   Benzo that is used for insomnia, longer acting, long onset of action  
Narrow Angle Glaucoma   The main contraindication of benzos  
flumazenil   The treatment for benzos that cannot exceed 4 doses or 1 mg  
benzos   You can't take herbal remedies with this.  
grapefruit   Decreases the metabolism of the benzo  
fall risk   Everybody that is taking benzos, no matter the age, will have this bracelet  
Nonbenzodiazepines   (Zaleplon) Sonata, (Zolpidem) Ambient, and (Eszopiclone) Lunesta are what kinds of drug?  
sonata   nonbenzo that is short acting only for 4 hours  
ambien   nonbenzo that has sleep walking side effect  
lunesta   nonbenzo that is FDA approved; also is used for long term effect  
barbiturates   Pentobarbital and Phenobarbital are very high habit forming drug with low therapeutic indexes and are what kind of drugs?  
phenobarbital   barbiturate is the most common, long acting, prevents seizures, and is rarely used today  
pentobarbital   barbiturate is short acting, most common during prep, acute seizures  
Deprive REM sleep   Main adverse effect of barbiturates  
respiratory conditions   main contraindication of barbiturates  
kidney or liver disease   second contraindication of barbiturates  
activated charcoal   what you give when you have an overdose of barbiturates because there is no antidote  
muscle relaxants   dantrolene, baclofen, and cyclobenzaprine are what kind of drugs?  
baclofen   muscle relaxant that you have to give a test dose and must dilute before infusion  
flexeril   most commonly used muscle relent, reduce spasms following injury  
renal impairment   contraindication of muscle relaxant  
base vitals   what you must always always always obtain  
hangover   benzos give this type of feeling the next day  
Safety   the most important thing in the nursing school world  
adhd   adderall, stratega, provigil, and retilin, are all what kind of drugs?  
adderall   ADHD medication that has the potential for tolerance/ abuse and is a class 2 drug.  
strattera   ADHD medication that produces suicidal thinking and is nonaddictive  
Provigil   ADHD medication usually used for night shift workers, narcolepsy, and is a class 4 drug,  
drug holiday   where you take your child off the medication for a period of time to see if they can live without it  
stimulant   decongestants can also act as this.  
selective serotonin receptor agonists   SSRA stands for...  
SSRA   imitrex is what kind of drug?  
imitrex   This SSRA drug you take before a migraine begins, and is only used for migraines not headaches.  
heart disease   these type of people should not take SSRAs  
idiopathic   type of seizure that can not find any cause and is roughly 50% of cases  
symptomatic   type of seizure that has a distinct cause  
anticonvulsants   anti-seizure or anti-epileptic drugs are also called...  
lifelong   therapy for any seizure medications is..  
first line antiseizure drugs   tegretol, dilantin, and valproic acid are all what kind of drug?  
tegretol   Is the drug of choice for general and complex seizures, decreases the effects of other drugs, and monitor therapeutic levels.  
dilantin   anti seizure drug that stabilizes the neuron and is a depressant  
gingival hyperplasia   the main adverse effect of dilantin  
bradycardia   main contraindication of dilantin  
valproic acid   people with liver problems can NOT have this seizure medication, it is used for all types of seizures.  
second line anti seizure drugs   neuron tin and valium are what kind of drugs?  
neurontin   anti seizure drug that is the most common, given for patients with neuropain, not always for seizures, can be used by itself but not as effective  
slow push   When giving IV anti seizure medications you must  
normal saline   dilantin can only be mixed with this and nothing else  
antiparkinsonian drugs   cogentin, amantadine, levodopa, and carbidopa are what kind of drugs?  
cogentin   prototype anticholinergic drug used to treat parkinson's disease, is a "buzzkill", can be used alone or with amantadine  
amantadine   is a adjunct anti parkinson drug, can increase anticholinergic effect, can cause postural hypotension  
levodopa   this is the most effective drug used to treat parkinson's disease  
carbidopa   iis a dopamine replacement drug, permitting more levodopa to be transported to the brain, and prevents the breakdown of levodopa in the periphery  
selegiline   this drug is used to extend the duration of levodopa by blocking its breakdown  
dry mouth   the main adverse reactions of antiparkinsonian drugs  


   


 
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