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Cardiac drugs

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Question
Answer
nitroglycerin isobid   vasodilate to treat and prevent angina  
adverse of nitroglycerin   HA, hypotension, dizziness, N/V, flushing, tachy  
Tenormin Lopressor   vasodilates by interrupting beta 1 or 2 for angina  
Lipitor Zocor   blocks synthesis for cholesterol to decrease cholesterol  
when is cholesterol synthesized   at night  
adverse of Lipitor/Zocor   constipation  
Questran   inhibit or increase excretion of bile acid for high cholesterol  
adverse of Question   constipation  
Lopid   increase enzyme lipoprotein lipase for high cholesterol  
Adverse lopid   diarrhea  
Zetia   inhibits cholesterol absorption in small intestine for high cholesterol  
Prinivil/Zestril Capoten   ACE inhibitor for HEART FAILURE and HYPERTENSION  
Adverse of ACE inhibitors   hypotension, angioedema  
Cozier/Diovan   Block angiotensin 2 for HEART FAILURE AND HYPERTENSION  
Natrecor   increase CO in ACUTE HEART FAILURE  
Adverse of Natrecor   severe hypotension and dysrhythmias  
Primacor   inhibit phosphodiesterase enzyme for ACUTE HEART FAILURE  
Primacy adverse   severe hypotension and dysrhythmias  
Lanoxin   slow rate increasing CO for HEART FAILURE AND TACHY  
adverse of Lanoxin   bradycardia  
What do you give if Lanoxin becomes toxic?   Digibind  
Quinidine/Pronestyl/Norpace   Sodium channel blockers for SUPRAVENTRICULAR/VENTRICULAR ARRYTHMIAS  
Adverse of Quinidine   tinnitus  
Adverse Pronestyl   blood disorders and lupus  
Xylocaine   for SERIOUS VENTRICULAR DYSRHYTHMIAS  
adverse Xylocaine   bradycardia, hypotension  
Rythmol Tambocor   decrease conduction o ventricles in VENTRICULAR ARRYTHMIAS  
Inderal Brevibloc Betapace   Beta blockers that treat SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA  
Cordarone   slow VENTRICULAR DYSRHYTHMIAS  
Calan Cardiazem   calcium channel blockers to prevent SUPRAVENTRICULAR DYSRHYTHMIAS AND HYPERTENSION  
adverse Calan and Cardiazem   nausea, leg cramps, hypotension, bradycardia  
Adenocard   slows conversion of PSVT for the OCCASIONAL RAPID HEART RATE  
Important thing to remember for Adenocard   10 second half life.... PUMP IT FASTER C'MON... causes asystole for a time  
What is the first line of treatment for HTN   thiazide diuretics  
Diuretics   decreases preload for HTN  
Lasix   loop diuretic for HTN, PULMONARY EDEMA, EDEMA  
Loop diuretic   increase water excretion by blocking the reabsorption of Na and Cl in loop of Henle  
Adverse of Loop diuretics (Lasix)   hypokalemia, dehydration  
Aldactone   potassium sparing diuretics for HTN,  
Hydrodiuril   Thiazide diuretic for HTN AND HEART FAILURE  
Thiazide diuretics do?   decrease reabsorption  
Adverse of Hydrodiuril   dehydration, electrolyte imbalance  
What are the calcium channel blockers?   Procardia Norvasc Cardizem  
What do calcium channel blockers do?   inhibit calcium from entering channels... VASODILATION  
What do calcium channel blockers treat? Procardia, Norvasc, Cardizem   HTN, ANGINA, RAYNAUD'S  
What do you have to remember about calcium channel blockers?   no grapefruit juice  
What are the adverse effects of Ca channel blockers? Procardia, Norvasc, Cardizem   hypotension, flushing, lower edema  
Nipride Apresoline   causes vasodilation for HTN EMERGENCIES  
Adverse effects of vasodilators   tachycardia  
What is the anti platelet drug?   Plavix  
What is Plavix used for?   prevent MI, CVA, and STENT  
What are the anticoagulants?   heparin, lovenox, arixtra, coumadin  
What do you need to monitor with heparin?   PTT  
What does coumadin interfere with?   vitamin K  
What do thrombolytics do? Activase   dissolve clots for ACUTE MI, STROKE, PE  
What are the adrenergic agents?   epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine, phenylephrine  
What do adrenergic agents do?   widespread action in emergencies for CARDIAC ARREST, HYPOTENSION, BRONCHOSPASM ANAPHYLAXIS, HEART FAILURE, BLEEDING  
Adverse effect of adrenergic agents   arrhythmia, hypertension, palpitations, angina, nervousness  


   


 
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