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Matter

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Answer
Matter   Anything that has mass and takes up space  
What are some examples of matter?   Air, helium in a balloon, OXYGEN, clouds, raindrops, smoke, table, glass  
What are the two different types of matter?   Pure substance and mixtures  
What are the two different types of pure substances?   Elements and compounds  
What are the two different types of mixtures?   Homogeneous and Heterogeneous  
Pure Substance   Any ONE type of material that CANNOT be separated without changing the substance  
Element   Contain only ONE type of matter and they CANNOT be separated into simpler materials. They can be found on the periodic table. They have their own box on the periodic table.  
What are some examples of elements?   Gold (Au), Magnesium (Mg), Chlorine (Cl), Hydrogen (H)  
Compound   Contains more than one kind of matter that are chemically joined together and they CANNOT be physically separated  
What are some examples of compounds?   Baking Soda (NaHCO3), Vinegar (C2H4O2), Water (H2O)  
Mixture   A combination of two or more pure substances that are NOT chemically combined, they are physically combined. They can easily be separated by physical mean such as filtering, cooling, sorting, or heating  
Homogeneous Mixture (also known as a solution)   A mixture that is the same throughout. They are often solutions.  
What are some examples of homogeneous mixtures?   Whole Milk, Lemonade, Brass, Coca Cola  
Heterogeneous Mixture   A mixture that is NOT the same throughout  
What are some examples of a heterogeneous mixture?   Lucky charms cereal, Salad, Chicken noodle soup  
An element is a pure substance that contains only one kind of ________________?   Matter  
An element _____________ be separated into simpler materials.   CANNOT  
Over 100 existing elements are listed and classified on the ______________ ____________.   Periodic Table  
A compound is a pure substance that contains two or more kinds of _________________.   Matter  
The atoms are ____________________ combined in some way in compounds. Often times, they come together to form groups of atoms called molecules.   Chemically  
Compounds __________________ be separated by physical means. Separating a compounds requires a chemical reaction.   CANNOT  
The properties of a compound are usually __________________ than the properties of the elements it contains.   Different  
Mixtures contain two or more ___________________ or ___________________ NOT chemically combined   Elements or Compounds  
There is ____________ reaction between substances in a mixture.   NO  
Mixtures can be uniform (called ___________________) and are known as solutions.   Homogeneous  
Mixtures can also be non-uniform (called ____________________)   Heterogeneous  
Mixtures can be separated into their components by ___________________ or ___________________ means.   Chemical or Physical  
Is DIAMOND an element, compound, mixture, or none? (C)   Element - on the periodic table(only one capital letter)  
Is AIR an element, compound, mixture, or none?   Mixture - other gases in the air  
Is KRYPTON an element, compound, mixture or none? (Kr)   Element - on the periodic table (only one capital letter)  
Is WATER an element, compound, mixture, or none? (H2O)   Compound - made of more than one element and chemically combined  
Is AMMONIA an element, compound, mixture, or none? (NH3)   Compound - made of more than one element and chemically combined  
Is WOOD an element, compound, mixture, or none?   Mixture- you can get sap out of wood  
Is DRY ICE an element, compound, mixture, or none? (CO2)   Compound - made of more than one element and chemically combined  
Is SUGAR an element, compound, mixture, or none? (C6H12O6)   Compound - made of more than one element and chemically combined  
Is SULFURIC ACID an element, compound, mixture, or none? (H2SO4)   Compound - made of more than one element and chemically combined  
Is BISMUTH an element, compound, mixture, or none? (Bi)   Element - on the periodic table (only one capital letter)  
Is ALCOHOL (rubbing alcohol) an element, compound, mixture, or none? (CH3OH)   Compound - made of more than one element and chemically combined  
Is SALT an element, compound, mixture, or none? (NaCl)   Compound - made of more than one element and chemically combined  
Is BRONZE an element, compound, mixture, or none?   Mixture - if you heated bronze, it would turn back into tin and copper  
Is BAKING SODA an element, compound, mixture, or none? (NaHCO3)   Compound - made of more than one element and chemically combined  
Is MILK an element, compound, mixture, or none?   Compound - it just is  
Is GASOLINE an element, compound, mixture, or none?   Compound - it just is  
Is URANIUM an element, compound, mixture, or none? (U)   Element - on the periodic table (only one capital letter)  
Is A PAIL OF GARBAGE an element, compound, mixture, or none?   Mixture - you can physically separate everything  
Is ENERGY an element, compound, mixture, or none?   None - energy doesn't go into any of the three categories  
Is INK an element, compound, mixture, or none?   Mixture - ink is made up of two or more dyes  
Is TITANIUM an element, compound, mixture, or none? (Ti)   Element - on the periodic table (only one capital letter)  
Is IRON an element, compound, mixture, or none? (Fe)   Element - on the periodic table (only one capital letter)  
Is ELECTRICITY an element, compound, mixture, or none?   None - electricity doesn't go into any of the three categories  
Is POPCORN an element, compound, mixture, or none?   Mixture - popcorn is made of more than one substance  
Is A DOG an element, compound, mixture, or none?   Mixture - you can cut all the dog's hair and it would still be a dog  
Is GOLD an element, compound, mixture, or none? (Au)   Element - on the periodic table (only one capital letter)  
Is PIZZA an element, compound, mixture, or none?   Mixture - you can take the toppings and cheese and everything and separate it  
Pure Element   Only one type of atom present  
Mixture of two elements   Two types of uncombined atoms present  
Pure Compound   Only one type of compound present  
Mixture of two compounds   Two types of compounds present  
Is SUMMER SAUSAGE a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element?   Heterogeneous  
Is STEAM a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element?   Compound  
Is SALT WATER a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element?   Homogeneous  
Is PENCIL LEAD a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element? (C)   Element  
Is DIRT a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element?   Heterogeneous  
Is PEPSI a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element?   Homogeneous  
Is SILVER a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element? (Ag)   Element  
Is TOOTHPASTE a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element? (Na2HPO4)   Compound  
Is A BURRITO a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element?   Heterogeneous  
Is ITALIAN DRESSING a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element?   Heterogeneous  
Is CHICKEN SOUP a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element?   Heterogeneous  
Is LEMONADE a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element?   Homogeneous  
Properties of Matter (definition)   How we describe and classify matter  
Physical Properties (definition)   Can be observed or measured without changing the composition  
Intensive Properties (definition)   Properties that do NOT depend on the amount of the matter present  
Extensive Properties (definition)   Properties that DO depend on the amount of the matter present  
Chemical Properties (definition)   Properties of matter that may be measured by performing a chemical reaction. It changes the substance you're measuring into a new substance.  
Characteristic Properties (definition)   A property that helps identify the substance  
Density   Describes the relationship between the mass and volume of an object and how tightly packed the atoms or molecules are in a substance  
Is DENSITY a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Is DENSITY an intensive or extensive property?   Intensive  
Hardness   Measures how difficult it is to scratch an object  
Is HARDNESS a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Is HARDNESS an intensive or extensive property?   Intensive  
Elasticity   Measures an object's ability to be stretched and return to its original size. It gives object the ability to bounce without breaking.  
Is ELASTICITY a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Is ELASTICITY an intensive or extensive property?   Intensive  
Brittleness   Measures an object's tendency to shatter upon impact  
Is BRITTLENESS a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Is BRITTLENESS an intensive or extensive property?   Intensive  
Malleability   Measures how easy it is to pound something into thin sheets  
Is MALLEABILITY a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Is MALLEABILITY an intensive or extensive property?   Intensive  
Tensile Strength   Measures how hard it is to break something by pulling. It is an important property of wires.  
Is TENSILE STRENGTH a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Is TENSILE STRENGTH an intensive or extensive property?   Intensive  
Buoyancy   The force exerted on an object in a liquid is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object. If the buoyant force is greater than its weight, the object floats.  
Is BUOYANCY a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Is BUOYANCY an intensive or extensive property?   Intensive  
Viscosity   Measures how slowly a liquid pours  
Is VISCOSITY a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Is VISCOSITY an intensive or extensive property?   Intensive  
Phase   The states in which matter can exist as a solid, liquid, or gas  
Is PHASE a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Is PHASE an intensive or extensive property?   Intensive  
Conductivity (heat or electricity)   A measure of a material's ability to conduct an electric current (or heat)  
Is CONDUCTIVITY a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Is CONDUCTIVITY an intensive or extensive property?   Intensive  
Solubility   A measure of one substance's ability to dissolve in a specific amount of another substance (at standard temperature and pressure)  
Is SOLUBILITY a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Is SOLUBILITY an intensive or extensive property?   Intensive  
Magnetism   A physical property produced by the motion of electric charge, resulting in attractive and repulsive forces between objects  
Is MAGNETISM a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Is MAGNETISM an intensive or extensive property?   Intensive  
Freezing Point or Melting Point   Freezing Point: The temperature at which the liquid freezes to become a solid. Melting Point: The temperature at which the solid melts to become a liquid. Freezing Point = Melting Point.  
Is FREEZING POINT/ MELTING POINT a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Is FREEZING POINT/ MELTING POINT an intensive or extensive property?   Intensive  
Boiling Point (pressure and temperature are equal = boiling point)   The temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid equals the pressure surrounding the liquid changes into vapor (AKA a gas)  
Is BOILING POINT a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Ductility (like tensile strength)   The ability in a material, like steel, to be drawn out into wires without breaking  
Is DUCTILITY a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Is DUCTILITY an intensive or extensive property?   Intensive  
Mass   Amount of matter in an object  
Is MASS a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Is MASS an intensive or extensive property?   Extensive  
Luster   The way light interacts with the surface of a substance. How bright it is or how it shines.  
Is LUSTER a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Is LUSTER an intensive or extensive property?   Intensive  
pH   A measurement of how acidic or basic a substance is  
Is pH a physical or chemical property?   Chemical  
Volume   Amount of space a substance occupies  
Is VOLUME a physical or chemical property?   Physical  
Is VOLUME an intensive or extensive property?   Extensive  
Reactivity   The rate at which a chemical substance tends to undergo a chemical reaction  
Is REACTIVITY a physical or chemical property?   Chemical  
Ability to rust   The ability of a substance to react with oxygen and moisture to create a reddish, flaky coating  
Is THE ABILITY TO RUST a physical or chemical property?   Chemical  
Flammability   The ability of a substance to burn or ignite, causing fire or combustion  
Is FLAMMABILITY a physical or chemical property?   Chemical  
Toxocity   The degree to which something is poisonous  
Is TOXICITY a physical or chemical property   Chemical  


   






 
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