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Matter

QuestionAnswer
Matter Anything that has mass and takes up space
What are some examples of matter? Air, helium in a balloon, OXYGEN, clouds, raindrops, smoke, table, glass
What are the two different types of matter? Pure substance and mixtures
What are the two different types of pure substances? Elements and compounds
What are the two different types of mixtures? Homogeneous and Heterogeneous
Pure Substance Any ONE type of material that CANNOT be separated without changing the substance
Element Contain only ONE type of matter and they CANNOT be separated into simpler materials. They can be found on the periodic table. They have their own box on the periodic table.
What are some examples of elements? Gold (Au), Magnesium (Mg), Chlorine (Cl), Hydrogen (H)
Compound Contains more than one kind of matter that are chemically joined together and they CANNOT be physically separated
What are some examples of compounds? Baking Soda (NaHCO3), Vinegar (C2H4O2), Water (H2O)
Mixture A combination of two or more pure substances that are NOT chemically combined, they are physically combined. They can easily be separated by physical mean such as filtering, cooling, sorting, or heating
Homogeneous Mixture (also known as a solution) A mixture that is the same throughout. They are often solutions.
What are some examples of homogeneous mixtures? Whole Milk, Lemonade, Brass, Coca Cola
Heterogeneous Mixture A mixture that is NOT the same throughout
What are some examples of a heterogeneous mixture? Lucky charms cereal, Salad, Chicken noodle soup
An element is a pure substance that contains only one kind of ________________? Matter
An element _____________ be separated into simpler materials. CANNOT
Over 100 existing elements are listed and classified on the ______________ ____________. Periodic Table
A compound is a pure substance that contains two or more kinds of _________________. Matter
The atoms are ____________________ combined in some way in compounds. Often times, they come together to form groups of atoms called molecules. Chemically
Compounds __________________ be separated by physical means. Separating a compounds requires a chemical reaction. CANNOT
The properties of a compound are usually __________________ than the properties of the elements it contains. Different
Mixtures contain two or more ___________________ or ___________________ NOT chemically combined Elements or Compounds
There is ____________ reaction between substances in a mixture. NO
Mixtures can be uniform (called ___________________) and are known as solutions. Homogeneous
Mixtures can also be non-uniform (called ____________________) Heterogeneous
Mixtures can be separated into their components by ___________________ or ___________________ means. Chemical or Physical
Is DIAMOND an element, compound, mixture, or none? (C) Element - on the periodic table(only one capital letter)
Is AIR an element, compound, mixture, or none? Mixture - other gases in the air
Is KRYPTON an element, compound, mixture or none? (Kr) Element - on the periodic table (only one capital letter)
Is WATER an element, compound, mixture, or none? (H2O) Compound - made of more than one element and chemically combined
Is AMMONIA an element, compound, mixture, or none? (NH3) Compound - made of more than one element and chemically combined
Is WOOD an element, compound, mixture, or none? Mixture- you can get sap out of wood
Is DRY ICE an element, compound, mixture, or none? (CO2) Compound - made of more than one element and chemically combined
Is SUGAR an element, compound, mixture, or none? (C6H12O6) Compound - made of more than one element and chemically combined
Is SULFURIC ACID an element, compound, mixture, or none? (H2SO4) Compound - made of more than one element and chemically combined
Is BISMUTH an element, compound, mixture, or none? (Bi) Element - on the periodic table (only one capital letter)
Is ALCOHOL (rubbing alcohol) an element, compound, mixture, or none? (CH3OH) Compound - made of more than one element and chemically combined
Is SALT an element, compound, mixture, or none? (NaCl) Compound - made of more than one element and chemically combined
Is BRONZE an element, compound, mixture, or none? Mixture - if you heated bronze, it would turn back into tin and copper
Is BAKING SODA an element, compound, mixture, or none? (NaHCO3) Compound - made of more than one element and chemically combined
Is MILK an element, compound, mixture, or none? Compound - it just is
Is GASOLINE an element, compound, mixture, or none? Compound - it just is
Is URANIUM an element, compound, mixture, or none? (U) Element - on the periodic table (only one capital letter)
Is A PAIL OF GARBAGE an element, compound, mixture, or none? Mixture - you can physically separate everything
Is ENERGY an element, compound, mixture, or none? None - energy doesn't go into any of the three categories
Is INK an element, compound, mixture, or none? Mixture - ink is made up of two or more dyes
Is TITANIUM an element, compound, mixture, or none? (Ti) Element - on the periodic table (only one capital letter)
Is IRON an element, compound, mixture, or none? (Fe) Element - on the periodic table (only one capital letter)
Is ELECTRICITY an element, compound, mixture, or none? None - electricity doesn't go into any of the three categories
Is POPCORN an element, compound, mixture, or none? Mixture - popcorn is made of more than one substance
Is A DOG an element, compound, mixture, or none? Mixture - you can cut all the dog's hair and it would still be a dog
Is GOLD an element, compound, mixture, or none? (Au) Element - on the periodic table (only one capital letter)
Is PIZZA an element, compound, mixture, or none? Mixture - you can take the toppings and cheese and everything and separate it
Pure Element Only one type of atom present
Mixture of two elements Two types of uncombined atoms present
Pure Compound Only one type of compound present
Mixture of two compounds Two types of compounds present
Is SUMMER SAUSAGE a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element? Heterogeneous
Is STEAM a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element? Compound
Is SALT WATER a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element? Homogeneous
Is PENCIL LEAD a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element? (C) Element
Is DIRT a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element? Heterogeneous
Is PEPSI a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element? Homogeneous
Is SILVER a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element? (Ag) Element
Is TOOTHPASTE a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element? (Na2HPO4) Compound
Is A BURRITO a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element? Heterogeneous
Is ITALIAN DRESSING a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element? Heterogeneous
Is CHICKEN SOUP a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element? Heterogeneous
Is LEMONADE a heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, or element? Homogeneous
Properties of Matter (definition) How we describe and classify matter
Physical Properties (definition) Can be observed or measured without changing the composition
Intensive Properties (definition) Properties that do NOT depend on the amount of the matter present
Extensive Properties (definition) Properties that DO depend on the amount of the matter present
Chemical Properties (definition) Properties of matter that may be measured by performing a chemical reaction. It changes the substance you're measuring into a new substance.
Characteristic Properties (definition) A property that helps identify the substance
Density Describes the relationship between the mass and volume of an object and how tightly packed the atoms or molecules are in a substance
Is DENSITY a physical or chemical property? Physical
Is DENSITY an intensive or extensive property? Intensive
Hardness Measures how difficult it is to scratch an object
Is HARDNESS a physical or chemical property? Physical
Is HARDNESS an intensive or extensive property? Intensive
Elasticity Measures an object's ability to be stretched and return to its original size. It gives object the ability to bounce without breaking.
Is ELASTICITY a physical or chemical property? Physical
Is ELASTICITY an intensive or extensive property? Intensive
Brittleness Measures an object's tendency to shatter upon impact
Is BRITTLENESS a physical or chemical property? Physical
Is BRITTLENESS an intensive or extensive property? Intensive
Malleability Measures how easy it is to pound something into thin sheets
Is MALLEABILITY a physical or chemical property? Physical
Is MALLEABILITY an intensive or extensive property? Intensive
Tensile Strength Measures how hard it is to break something by pulling. It is an important property of wires.
Is TENSILE STRENGTH a physical or chemical property? Physical
Is TENSILE STRENGTH an intensive or extensive property? Intensive
Buoyancy The force exerted on an object in a liquid is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object. If the buoyant force is greater than its weight, the object floats.
Is BUOYANCY a physical or chemical property? Physical
Is BUOYANCY an intensive or extensive property? Intensive
Viscosity Measures how slowly a liquid pours
Is VISCOSITY a physical or chemical property? Physical
Is VISCOSITY an intensive or extensive property? Intensive
Phase The states in which matter can exist as a solid, liquid, or gas
Is PHASE a physical or chemical property? Physical
Is PHASE an intensive or extensive property? Intensive
Conductivity (heat or electricity) A measure of a material's ability to conduct an electric current (or heat)
Is CONDUCTIVITY a physical or chemical property? Physical
Is CONDUCTIVITY an intensive or extensive property? Intensive
Solubility A measure of one substance's ability to dissolve in a specific amount of another substance (at standard temperature and pressure)
Is SOLUBILITY a physical or chemical property? Physical
Is SOLUBILITY an intensive or extensive property? Intensive
Magnetism A physical property produced by the motion of electric charge, resulting in attractive and repulsive forces between objects
Is MAGNETISM a physical or chemical property? Physical
Is MAGNETISM an intensive or extensive property? Intensive
Freezing Point or Melting Point Freezing Point: The temperature at which the liquid freezes to become a solid. Melting Point: The temperature at which the solid melts to become a liquid. Freezing Point = Melting Point.
Is FREEZING POINT/ MELTING POINT a physical or chemical property? Physical
Is FREEZING POINT/ MELTING POINT an intensive or extensive property? Intensive
Boiling Point (pressure and temperature are equal = boiling point) The temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid equals the pressure surrounding the liquid changes into vapor (AKA a gas)
Is BOILING POINT a physical or chemical property? Physical
Ductility (like tensile strength) The ability in a material, like steel, to be drawn out into wires without breaking
Is DUCTILITY a physical or chemical property? Physical
Is DUCTILITY an intensive or extensive property? Intensive
Mass Amount of matter in an object
Is MASS a physical or chemical property? Physical
Is MASS an intensive or extensive property? Extensive
Luster The way light interacts with the surface of a substance. How bright it is or how it shines.
Is LUSTER a physical or chemical property? Physical
Is LUSTER an intensive or extensive property? Intensive
pH A measurement of how acidic or basic a substance is
Is pH a physical or chemical property? Chemical
Volume Amount of space a substance occupies
Is VOLUME a physical or chemical property? Physical
Is VOLUME an intensive or extensive property? Extensive
Reactivity The rate at which a chemical substance tends to undergo a chemical reaction
Is REACTIVITY a physical or chemical property? Chemical
Ability to rust The ability of a substance to react with oxygen and moisture to create a reddish, flaky coating
Is THE ABILITY TO RUST a physical or chemical property? Chemical
Flammability The ability of a substance to burn or ignite, causing fire or combustion
Is FLAMMABILITY a physical or chemical property? Chemical
Toxocity The degree to which something is poisonous
Is TOXICITY a physical or chemical property Chemical
Created by: 1962116900