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Unit 1 Chapter 2 and 3

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Term
Definition
Bay   Part of a large body of water that extends into the shoreline  
Channel   Wide strait or waterway between two landmasses that lie close to each other  
Climate   Usual predictable pattern of weather over a long period of time  
Current   Moving streams of water un the worlds oceans; affects climate  
Drought   Long periods of extreme dryness and water shortage  
Elevation   Height above sea level  
Land form   Individual features of the land  
Gulf   Part of a large body that extends inland; larger than a bay  
Harbor   A sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can anchor safely  
Hurricane   Violent tropical storm with heavy winds and heavy rainfall  
Island   Land completely surrounded by water  
Lake   A sizeable inland body of water  
High-Latitude Climate   Cold climate lies from 60 degrees north to the North Pole and from 60 degrees soth to the South Pole  
Highland Climate   Cool or cold climate that varies with elevation; high up in the moutains  
Tropical Climate   Warm year round extends from the equator to the Tropic of Cancer and frim the equator to the Tropic of Capricorn  
Mid-Latitude Climate   Temprate climate extends from 23 1/2 degrees north to 60 degrees north and from 23 1/2 south to 60 degrees south  
Prevailing Wind   Movements of air that travels around the earth in a typical pattern  
El Nino   Caused by the combination of tempature wind and water. Formed when cold winds from the north are weak. Pacific Ocean gets warmer. Occurs every 3 years.  
La Nina   Eatern winds become strong and the opposite of El Nino occurs-Pacific Ocean gets cooler  
Dry Climate   Dry to particially dry areas wuth little to no rain; tempatures can range from very cold to very hot  
Typhoon   Name for a hurricane in Asia  
Tornado   Funneled-shaped windstorm; sometimes forms during thunder storm  
Moutain   Land with steep sides that rise sharply from surrounding land  
Moutain Range   A series of connected mountains  
Monsoon   Seasonal wind that blows over a continent for a long period of time  
Weather   Unpredictable changes in the air that takes place in a short period of time  
Peninsula   Body of land jutting out into a lake or an ocean, and surrounded by three sides, by water  
Plain   Area of low land at low elavation; covered with grass  
Plateau   Flat or rolling land at high elevation usually 300-30,000 ft high  
Physical Feature   Characteristics of a place-naturally occuring like landforms, climate, resources  
River   Large natural stream of water that runs through land  
Sea   Large body of water partically or completely surrounded by land  
Strait   Narrow stretch of water joining two larger bodies of water  
Ocean   1 of the 4 major bodies of salt water that surround the continents  
Volcano   Moutain created as a liquid rock and ash erupt from inside the earth  
Valley   Area of low land between hills and mountains  
Tropics   Low latitude region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn  


   






 
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Created by: emilyml13